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Baseline, leakage and measurement issues: how do forestry and energy projects compare?

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  • Kenneth M. Chomitz

Abstract

This paper examines three issues in quantifying project-level emissions reductions (ERs): baseline and additionality determination, leakage assessment, and measurement of net emissions. It finds no systematic differences between land use change and forestry (LUCF) and energy projects in addressing these issues. Rather, the ease of quantification depends on the following: •The level and distribution of direct financial benefits that result from the project, since this is a key determinant of additionality. •The degree to which the project is integrated with a broader physical and economic system, since this determines the amount of leakage. •The internal homogeneity and geographic dispersion of the project components-a key determinant of measurement costs. These dimensions cut across the energy versus LUCF distinction.

Suggested Citation

  • Kenneth M. Chomitz, 2002. "Baseline, leakage and measurement issues: how do forestry and energy projects compare?," Climate Policy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 2(1), pages 35-49, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:tcpoxx:v:2:y:2002:i:1:p:35-49
    DOI: 10.3763/cpol.2002.0204
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.3763/cpol.2002.0204
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Gwenole Le Velly & Alexandre Sauquet & Sergio Cortina-Villar, 2015. "PES Impact and Leakages over Several Cohorts: The Case of PSA-H in Yucatan, Mexico," Working Papers halshs-01228371, HAL.
    2. Alix-Garcia, Jennifer Marie & Shapiro, Elizabeth N. & Sims, Katharine R.E., 2010. "Forest Conservation and Slippage: Evidence from Mexico's National Payments for Ecosystem Services Program," Staff Papers 93045, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics.
    3. Paul J. Burke, 2016. "Undermined by Adverse Selection: Australia's Direct Action Abatement Subsidies," Economic Papers, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 35(3), pages 216-229, September.
    4. World Bank, 2006. "Poverty, Growth, and Environment in Brazil : Spatial Insights for Policymaking," World Bank Other Operational Studies 12852, The World Bank.
    5. Jennifer M. Alix-Garcia & Elizabeth N. Shapiro & Katharine R. E. Sims, 2012. "Forest Conservation and Slippage: Evidence from Mexico’s National Payments for Ecosystem Services Program," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 88(4), pages 613-638.
    6. Heng-Chi Lee & Bruce McCarl & Uwe Schneider & Chi-Chung Chen, 2007. "Leakage and Comparative Advantage Implications of Agricultural Participation in Greenhouse Gas Emission Mitigation," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 12(4), pages 471-494, May.
    7. Glomsrød, Solveig & Wei, Taoyuan & Liu, Gang & Aune, Jens B., 2011. "How well do tree plantations comply with the twin targets of the Clean Development Mechanism? -- The case of tree plantations in Tanzania," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(6), pages 1066-1074, April.
    8. Ahmed Nahar Al-Hussaini, 2016. "Carbon Finance - A Platform for Development of Sustainable Business in Kuwait," Expert Journal of Business and Management, Sprint Investify, vol. 4(2), pages 87-93.
    9. Hofstad, Ole & Araya, Meley Mekonen, 2015. "Optimal wood harvest in miombo woodland considering REDD+payments — A case study at Kitulangalo Forest Reserve, Tanzania," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 9-16.
    10. Sreekanth, K.J., 2016. "Review on integrated strategies for energy policy planning and evaluation of GHG mitigation alternatives," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 837-850.

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