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Gender aspects of smallholder private groundwater irrigation in Ghana and Zambia


  • Barbara Van Koppen
  • Lesley Hope
  • Willem Colenbrander


This paper explores gender aspects of smallholders' private technology adoption for groundwater irrigation in Ghana and Zambia. It focuses on two variables of quantitative farm-household surveys: household headship and gendered plot management. The paper compares adoption rates and types of technologies for female- and male-headed households; examines adoption rates when women have their own plots; and compares women's decision making on irrigated plots and rainfed plots. The findings suggest that there are largely untapped synergies between gender-equality and irrigation-policy goals. Systematic gender differentiation in surveys is recommended.

Suggested Citation

  • Barbara Van Koppen & Lesley Hope & Willem Colenbrander, 2013. "Gender aspects of smallholder private groundwater irrigation in Ghana and Zambia," Water International, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(6), pages 840-851, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:rwinxx:v:38:y:2013:i:6:p:840-851
    DOI: 10.1080/02508060.2013.843844

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Van Koppen, B., 2002. "A gender performance indicator for irrigation: Concepts, tools and applications," IWMI Research Reports H029556, International Water Management Institute.
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