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How Migration Motives Change over Migration Distance: Evidence on Variation across Socio-economic and Demographic Groups


  • Thomas Niedomysl


Niedomysl T. How migration motives change over migration distance: evidence on variation across socio-economic and demographic groups, Regional Studies. Migration researchers have long known that the motives for changing place of residence vary over migration distance. Typically, short-distance moves are regarded as motivated by housing considerations and longer-distance moves primarily by employment considerations. Using a large-scale survey on migration motives, this paper explores how migration motives change over migration distance. Particular attention is paid to variations across socio-economic and demographic groups. The results show that the housing- versus employment-driven migration dichotomy, over short and long distances, respectively, is still somewhat valid, though the present findings give a much more nuanced interpretation. The paper reveals considerable variation in migration motives, not only over migration distance, but also particularly in relation to migrant socio-economic and demographic characteristics. [image omitted] Niedomysl T. Comment les motifs de migration varient en fonction de la distance: des preuves de la variation des groupes socio-professionnels et demographiques, Regional Studies. Ceux qui font des recherches sur la migration savent depuis longtemps que les raisons qui expliquent la migration varient en fonction de la distance. Il n'est pas a surprendre que l'on considere que la migration a courte distance s'explique par la demande de logement et que la migration a plus grande distance s'explique essentiellement par la demande d'emploi. A partir d'une enquete a grande echelle sur les motifs de migration, le present article examine comment les motifs de migration varient en fonction de la distance. On prete une attention particuliere a la variation des groupes socio-professionnelles et demographiques. Les resultats laissent voir que la dichotomie qui se pose - a savoir, la migration, a courte ou a grande distance, est-elle determinee par le logement ou par l'emploi? - reste plutot valable, bien que les preuves actuelles fournissent une interpretation beaucoup plus nuancee. L'article laisse voir d'importantes variations des motifs de migration, non seulement en fonction de la distance, mais aussi par rapport aux caracteristiques socio-professionnelles et demographiques des migrants. Migration Motifs Distance Donnees observees Suede Niedomysl T. Wie sich Migrationsmotive mit der Migrationsdistanz andern: Belege fur Abweichungen zwischen verschiedenen soziookonomischen und demografischen Gruppen, Regional Studies. Unter Migrationsforschern ist seit langem bekannt, dass sich die Motive fur einen Wohnortswechsel mit zunehmender Migrationsdistanz andern. In der Regel gelten Ortswechsel uber kurze Entfernungen als durch Aspekte der Wohnung motiviert und Ortswechsel uber langere Entfernungen als vornehmlich durch Arbeitsfaktoren verursacht. In diesem Beitrag wird mit Hilfe einer umfangreichen Erhebung uber Migrationsmotive untersucht, wie sich die Motive fur eine Migration mit der Migrationsdistanz andern. Hierbei wird insbesondere auf Abweichungen zwischen verschiedenen soziookonomischen und demografischen Gruppen geachtet. Aus den Ergebnissen geht hervor, dass die Dichotomie der wohnungsbedingten Migration uber kurze Entfernungen und der arbeitsbedingten Migration uber langere Entfernungen weiterhin eine gewisse Gultigkeit besitzt, wobei aber die vorliegenden Resultate eine weitaus nuanciertere Interpretation ermoglichen. Es zeigen sich erhebliche Schwankungen hinsichtlich der Migrationsmotive, die nicht nur mit der Migrationsdistanz, sondern insbesondere auch mit den soziookonomischen und demografischen Merkmalen der Migranten zusammenhangen. Migration Motive Distanz Erhebungsdaten Schweden Niedomysl T. Como cambian los motivos de migracion con la distancia de migracion: ejemplos de variacion entre grupos socioeconomicos y demograficos, Regional Studies. Los investigadores sobre migracion saben desde hace mucho tiempo que los motivos de cambiar de residencia varian segun la distancia de migracion. En general se considera que los desplazamientos de cortas distancias estan motivados por cuestiones de vivienda y los de largas distancias sobre todo por cuestiones de empleo. Con ayuda de un estudio a gran escala sobre los motivos de migracion, en este articulo analizamos como cambian los motivos de migracion en funcion de las distancias. Prestamos especial atencion a las variaciones entre grupos socioeconomicos y demograficos. Los resultados indican que la dicotomia de la migracion motivada por la vivienda frente a la motivada por el empleo, en cortas y largas distancias respectivamente, todavia tiene cierta validez, si bien los presentes resultados dan una interpretacion mucho mas exhaustiva. En este articulo mostramos que hay una variacion considerable en los motivos de migracion, no solamente con respecto a la distancia de migracion sino tambien en particular con relacion a las caracteristicas socioeconomicas y demograficas de los migrantes. Migracion Motivos Distancia Datos de estudios Suecia

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas Niedomysl, 2011. "How Migration Motives Change over Migration Distance: Evidence on Variation across Socio-economic and Demographic Groups," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(6), pages 843-855.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:6:p:843-855
    DOI: 10.1080/00343401003614266

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Viola von Berlepsch & Andrés Rodríguez-Pose, 2019. "The missing ingredient: Distance - Internal migration and its long-term economic impact in the United States," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1903, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Jan 2019.
    2. repec:dem:demres:v:39:y:2018:i:43 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Korpi, Martin & Clark, William, 2013. "Human Capital Theory And Internal Migration: Do Average Outcomes Distort Our View Of Migrant Motives?," Ratio Working Papers 213, The Ratio Institute.
    4. Kent Eliasson & Robert Nakosteen & Olle Westerlund & Michael Zimmer, 2014. "All in the family: Self-selection and migration by couples," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 93(1), pages 101-124, March.
    5. Ubarevi?ien?, R?ta & van Ham, Maarten, 2016. "Population Decline in Lithuania: Who Lives in Declining Regions and Who Leaves?," IZA Discussion Papers 10160, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    6. repec:spr:demogr:v:54:y:2017:i:6:d:10.1007_s13524-017-0626-7 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Richard H. Rijnks & Stephen Sheppard, 2018. "Occupant Well-Being and House Values," Department of Economics Working Papers 2018-05, Department of Economics, Williams College.
    8. Coulter, Rory & van Ham, Maarten, 2011. "Contextualised Mobility Histories of Moving Desires and Actual Moving Behaviour," IZA Discussion Papers 6146, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    9. repec:zbw:espost:184748 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Hotchkiss, Julie L. & Rupasingha, Anil, 2018. "Individual Social Capital and Migration," FRB Atlanta Working Paper 2018-3, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
    11. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:9:p:2996-:d:165352 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Wolfgang Nagl & Robert Lehmann, 2015. "Distance is crucially important, at least for neighbors' foreign employment at the district level," ERSA conference papers ersa15p366, European Regional Science Association.
    13. Jani-Petri Laamanen, 2014. "Worker Turnover, Structural Change, and Inter-Regional Migration: Evidence from Finland," Finnish Economic Papers, Finnish Economic Association, vol. 27(1), pages 34-55, Autumn.
    14. Korpi, Martin & Clark, William A.V., 2015. "Internal migration and human capital theory: To what extent is it selective?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 136(C), pages 31-34.
    15. repec:elg:eechap:14395_22 is not listed on IDEAS

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    Migration; Motives; Distance; Survey data; Sweden;


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