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The Mobility of Immigrants and Natives: Evidence from Internal Migration Following Job Displacement

Listed author(s):
  • Anders Boman

Boman A. The mobility of immigrants and natives: evidence from internal migration following job displacement, Regional Studies. In times of change in the labour market, differences in migratory behaviour between groups affect the labour market outcome of these groups. One important group in society is that of immigrants, for which human capital migration theory presents two potentially conflicting hypotheses. One is based on immigrants having less location-specific human capital, increasing their probability of migration. The other is based on ethnicity: immigrants living in ethnic enclaves have higher costs of leaving the enclave, reducing their probability of migration. This paper disentangles and finds support for both hypotheses using high-quality data on a wide range of variables for essentially all individuals involuntarily displaced due to closures or substantial cutbacks of Swedish workplaces in 1987 and 1988. [image omitted] Boman A. La mobilite des immigres et de la population autochtone: des preuves provenant de la migration interne suite au deplacement des emplois, Regional Studies. Au moment de la transformation du marche du travail, les differences du comportement migratoire des groupes touchent les possibilites d'emploi de ces derniers. Les immigres constituent un groupe important de la societe pour lequel la theorie de la migration du capital humain presente deux hypotheses qui risquent d'etre en contradiction. L'un repose sur le principe suivant: les immigres ont moins de capital humain qui depend de la localisation, ce qui augmente la probabilite de la migration. L'autre repose sur la notion d'ethnicite: les frais de deplacement sont plus eleves pour les immigres qui habitent des enclaves ethniques, ce qui reduit la probabilite de la migration. Cet article cherche a devoiler et soutenir les deux hypotheses a partir des donnees tres sures relatives a une gamme de variables tres large pour, avant tout, tous les individus qui ont ete deplaces involontairement a cause des fermetures ou d'importantes reductions des lieux de travail en 1987 et en 1988. Mobilite geographique Migration interne Enclaves ethniques Immigres Deplacement des emplois Boman A. Mobilitat von Immigranten und Einheimischen: Belege aus der internen Migration nach einem Arbeitsplatzverlust, Regional Studies. In einer Zeit der Veranderungen auf dem Arbeitsmarkt wirken sich Unterschiede hinsichtlich des Migrationsverhaltens verschiedener Gruppen auf den Erfolg dieser Gruppen auf dem Arbeitsmarkt aus. Eine wichtige Gruppe in der Gesellschaft ist die der Immigranten, fur die in der Theorie der Humankapital-Migration zwei potenziell widerspruchliche Hypothesen aufgestellt werden. Die eine stutzt sich darauf, dass Immigranten uber weniger standortspezifisches Humankapital verfugen, was ihre Wahrscheinlichkeit einer Migration erhoht. Der zweite stutzt sich auf die Ethnizitat: Fur in ethnischen Enklaven lebende Immigranten ist ein Verlassen der Enklave mit hoheren Kosten verbunden, was ihre Wahrscheinlichkeit einer Migration verringert. In diesem Beitrag werden diese beiden Hypothesen entwirrt, und es werden Belege zur Unterstutzung beider Hypothesen gefunden. Hierfur werden hochwertige Daten uber ein breites Spektrum von Variablen fur praktisch alle Personen genutzt, die aufgrund von Schliessungen oder erheblichen Verkleinerungen von schwedischen Arbeitsplatzen in den Jahren 1987 und 1988 auf unfreiwillige Weise ihren Arbeitsplatz verloren. Geografische Mobilitat Interne Migration Ethnische Enklaven Immigranten Arbeitsplatzverlust Boman A. La movilidad de inmigrantes y autoctonos: evidencia de la migracion interna tras el desplazamiento laboral, Regional Studies. En tiempos de cambio en el mercado laboral, las diferencias en el comportamiento migratorio entre grupos afecta a los resultados de estos grupos en el mercado laboral. Un grupo importante en la sociedad es la de inmigrantes para los que la teoria de migracion de capital humano presenta dos hipotesis potencialmente conflictivas. Una se basa en que los inmigrantes tienen menos capital humano inherente a la localizacion lo que aumenta su probabilidad de emigrar. La otra se basa en la etnia: los inmigrantes que viven en enclaves etnicos tienen costes mas altos a la hora de abandonar el enclave lo que reduce su probabilidad de migracion. En este articulo simplificamos y encontramos argumentos para ambas hipotesis usando datos de alta calidad sobre toda una serie de variables para basicamente todos las personas desplazadas involuntariamente debido a cierres o recortes substanciales de los puestos de trabajo en Suecia entre 1987 y 1988. Movilidad geografica Migracion interna Enclaves etnicos Inmigrantes Desplazamiento laboral

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 45 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 283-297

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:3:p:283-297
DOI: 10.1080/00343400903431003
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