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Delocalization, Triangular Manufacturing, and Windows of Opportunity: Some Lessons from Greek Clothing Producers in a Fast-Changing Global Context

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  • Antigone Lyberaki

Abstract

Lyberaki A. Delocalization, triangular manufacturing, and windows of opportunity: some lessons from Greek clothing producers in a fast-changing global context, Regional Studies. Delocalization as an instance of adjustment to global competition can acquire a variety of forms. This paper examines the opportunities and pitfalls for Greek clothing companies between 1996 and 2004. It focuses on three cases exhibiting common features: first, the performance of dynamic exports; second, insertion into networks of cooperation; and third, relocation of production to the low-wage economies of the Balkans and Eastern Europe. In view of the rapid changes occurring in this sector, the main argument is that the 'triangular manufacturing' strategy is gaining momentum as it allows building on previous strengths. [image omitted] Lyberaki A. La delocalisation, la strategie industrielle a trois temps, et les creneaux: des lecons a tirer des confectionneurs grecques dans un cadre mondial en pleine evolution, Regional Studies. En tant que moyen de s'adapter a la concurrence mondiale, la delocalisation peut adopter diverses formes. Cet article cherche a examiner les atouts et les inconvenients pour les confectionneurs grecques entre 1996 et 2004. Il porte sur trois etudes de cas qui manifestent des traits communs: primo, la performance des exportations dynamiques; secundo, l'integration dans des reseaux de cooperation; et tertio, la delocalisation de la production a destination des pays a faibles salaires, a savoir aux Balkans et en Europe de l'Est. Etant donne les transformations rapides qui ont lieu dans ce secteur, l'argument principal est qu'une strategie industrielle a trois temps prend de l'elan parce qu'elle permet de consolider des qualites anterieures. Grece Strategie industrielle a trois temps Confection Delocalisation Lyberaki A. Delokalisierung, Produktionsdreiecke und Chancen: Lektionen von griechischen Kleiderherstellern in einem sich rasch wandelnden globalen Kontext, Regional Studies. Eine Delokalisierung als Ausdruck der Anpassung an den globalen Wettbewerb kann die verschiedensten Formen annehmen. In diesem Beitrag werden die Chancen und Risiken fur griechische Kleiderhersteller im Zeitraum von 1996 bis 2004 untersucht. Hierbei konzentriere ich mich auf drei Falle mit gemeinsamen Merkmalen: erstens die Leistung dynamischer Exporte, zweitens die Eingliederung in Netzwerke der Zusammenarbeit und drittens die Verlagerung der Produktion in die Niedriglohn-Wirtschaften der Balkanlander und Osteuropas. Angesichts des raschen Wandels in diesem Sektor lautet das Hauptargument, dass eine 'Dreiecksstrategie' bei der Produktion an Bedeutung gewinnt, da sie eine Nutzung der fruheren Starken ermoglicht. Griechenland Produktionsdreieck Kleiderherstellung Delokalisierung Lyberaki A. Deslocalizacion, manufactura triangular y oportunidades: lecciones de los productores del sector textil en Grecia segun un contexto global en rapida evolucion, Regional Studies. La deslocalizacion como ejemplo de un ajuste frente a la competicion global puede adquirir diferentes formas. En este articulo examino las oportunidades y los escollos de empresas textiles griegas entre 1996 y 2004. Presto atencion a tres casos que presentan caracteristicas comunes: primero, el rendimiento de las exportaciones dinamicas; segundo, la insercion en redes de cooperacion; y tercero, la reubicacion de la produccion hacia las economias con bajos salarios en los Balcanes y Europa del Este. En vista de los rapidos cambios que ocurren en este sector, el principal argumento es que la estrategia de 'manufactura triangular' esta cobrando fuerza ya que permite aprovecharse de ventajas ya existentes. Grecia Manufactura triangular Produccion de prendas Deslocalizacion

Suggested Citation

  • Antigone Lyberaki, 2011. "Delocalization, Triangular Manufacturing, and Windows of Opportunity: Some Lessons from Greek Clothing Producers in a Fast-Changing Global Context," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(2), pages 205-218.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:2:p:205-218
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400903380408
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Prebisch, Raúl, 1950. "The economic development of Latin America and its principal problems," Sede de la CEPAL en Santiago (Estudios e Investigaciones) 29973, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    2. Sally Baden, 2002. "Trade Policy, Retail Markets and Value Chain Restructuring in the EU Clothing Sector," PRUS Working Papers 09, Poverty Research Unit at Sussex, University of Sussex.
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