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Pro-poor Economic Growth, Inequality and Fiscal Policy: The Case of Spanish Regions

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  • Luis Ayala
  • Antonio Jurado

Abstract

Ayala L. and Jurado A. Pro-poor economic growth, inequality and fiscal policy: the case of Spanish regions, Regional Studies. This paper aims to discuss whether substantive differences exist in terms of the distribution of economic growth by income groups in Spanish regions. In order to do so, data from the Spanish Family Budget Surveys for various years are used to estimate growth incidence curves, decomposition models of poverty changes, and isopoverty curves. The results show that while economic growth in the long-term has meant an improvement of the lower income percentiles in Spain, this improvement is not uniform in the different regions. Limited possibilities for poverty reduction in the lower-income regions are also found. [image omitted] Ayala L. et Jurado A. Pour la croissance economique faible, l'inegalite et la politique fiscale: l'etude de cas des regions d'Espagne, Regional Studies. Cet article cherche a discuter si, oui ou non, il existe d'importants ecarts de la distribution de la croissance economique par tranche des revenus dans les regions d'Espagne. On emploie, alors, des donnees provenant de diverses enquetes sur le budget menager des foyers espagnols afin d'estimer des courbes qui tracent la frequence de la croissance, des modeles de decomposition du changement de la pauvrete, et des courbes de la isopauvrete. Les resultats laissent voir que la croissance economique a permis a long terme une amelioration pour les centiles inferieurs en Espagne. Toujours est-il que cette amelioration n'est pas generalisee sur le plan regional. Il s'avere aussi des possibilites limitees en ce qui concerne la reduction de la pauvrete dans les regions a plus faibles revenus. Pour la croissance faible Courbes de l'isopauvrete Pauvrete Inegalite Espagne Ayala L. und Jurado A. Armutsorientiertes Wirtschaftswachstum, Ungleichheit und Fiskalpolitik: der Fall der spanischen Regionen, Regional Studies. In diesem Beitrag wird untersucht, ob es hinsichtlich der Verteilung des Wirtschaftswachstums innerhalb der Einkommensgruppen von spanischen Regionen erhebliche Unterschiede gibt. Hierfur werden anhand der Daten aus den spanischen Familienetat-Erhebungen verschiedener Jahre Wachstumsinzidenzkurven, Dekompositionsmodelle von Armutsanderungen sowie Isolationsarmutskurven geschatzt. Aus den Ergebnissen geht hervor, dass sich durch das Wirtschaftswachstum zwar langfristig die Situation der unteren Einkommensperzentile in Spanien verbessert hat, aber diese Verbesserung in den verschiedenen Regionen nicht gleichmassig ausfallt. Ebenso werden begrenzte Moglichkeiten zur Verringerung der Armut in Regionen mit niedrigerem Einkommen gefunden. Armutsorientiertes Wachstum Isolationsarmutskurven Armut Ungleichheit Spanien Ayala L. y Jurado A. Crecimiento economico pro-pobre, desigualdad y politica fiscal: evidencia para las regiones espanolas, Regional Studies. El principal objetivo de este trabajo es analizar si existen diferencias importantes en la distribucion del crecimiento economico por grupos de renta en las regiones espanolas. Se utilizan los datos de las Encuestas de Presupuestos Familiares de varios anos para estimar curvas de incidencia del crecimiento, modelos de descomposicion de los cambios en la pobreza y curvas de isopobreza. Los resultados muestran que, aunque el crecimiento economico en el largo plazo supuso una mejora de los percentiles con rentas mas bajas en Espana, esta tendencia no fue uniforme en las diferentes regiones. Tambien se encuentra evidencia de las menores posibilidades de reduccion de la pobreza en las regiones de menor renta ante posibles escenarios de mayor descentralizacion. Crecimiento pro-pobre Curvas isopobreza Pobreza Desigualdad Espana

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Ayala & Antonio Jurado, 2011. "Pro-poor Economic Growth, Inequality and Fiscal Policy: The Case of Spanish Regions," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(1), pages 103-121.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:1:p:103-121
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400903173209
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Abdelkrim Araar & Jean-Yves Duclos & Mathieu Audet & Paul Makdissi, 2009. "Testing For Pro-Poorness Of Growth, With An Application To Mexico," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 55(4), pages 853-881, December.
    2. Jean-Yves Duclos, 2009. "What is “Pro-Poor”?," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 32(1), pages 37-58, January.
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    1. repec:spr:chinre:v:9:y:2016:i:2:d:10.1007_s12187-015-9329-z is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Oliński Marian & Burchart Renata, 2013. "Supporting Social Enterprises in the Context of Financial Effectiveness," Scientific Annals of Economics and Business, De Gruyter Open, vol. 60(1), pages 154-167, July.

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