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Functional Polycentrism and Urban Network Development in the Greater South East, United Kingdom: Evidence from Commuting Patterns, 1981-2001


  • Bastiaan De Goei
  • Martijn Burger
  • Frank Van Oort
  • Michael Kitson


De Goei B., Burger M. J., Van Oort F. G. and Kitson M. Functional polycentrism and urban network development in the Greater South East, United Kingdom: evidence from commuting patterns, 1981-2001, Regional Studies. In contemporary literature on changing urban systems, it is often argued that the traditional central place conceptualization is outdated and should be replaced by a network view that emphasizes the increasing criss-crossing pattern of interdependencies between spatial units. This paper tests how urban networks develop by looking at commuting patterns in the Greater South East, United Kingdom, for the period 1981-2001. Although the empirical results indicate that the Greater South East cannot be currently characterized as a polycentric urban region or an integrated urban network, there is some evidence for urban network development at the local, intra-urban, level, and a decentralization of the system at the regional, inter-urban, level. [image omitted] De Goei B., Burger M. J., Van Oort F. G. et Kitson M. Le polycentrisme fonctionnel et le developpement des reseaux urbains dans l'agglomeration du sud-est du R-U: des preuves provenant de la structure des migrations quotidiennes entre 1981 et 2001, Regional Studies. Dans la documentation recente sur l'evolution des systemes urbains, on affirme souvent que la notion classique de la place centrale est demodee et que l'on devrait la remplacer par une notion de reseaux qui souligne la croissance des interdependances entrecroisees des zones geographiques. Cet article cherche a tester l'evolution des reseaux urbains tout en examinant la structure des migrations quotidiennes urbaines dans l'agglomeration du sud-est du R-U entre 1981 et 2001. Bien que les resultats empiriques laissent voir que l'agglomeration du sud-est du R-U ne se caracterise actuellement ni comme une region urbaine polycentrique, ni comme un reseau urbain integre, il y a des preuves en faveur du developpement des reseaux urbains sur le plan local intraurbain et d'une decentralisation du systeme au niveau regional interurbain. Royaume-Uni Agglomeration du sud-est Reseaux urbains Migrations quotidiennes Modele de gravite De Goei B., Burger M. J., Van Oort F. G. und Kitson M. Funktionaler Polyzentrismus und Entwicklung urbaner Netzwerke im Grossraum des Sudostens von Grossbritannien: Belege aus Pendlerstromen, 1981-2001, Regional Studies. In der modernen Literatur uber Veranderungen in den urbanen Systemen wird oftmals die These aufgestellt, dass die traditionelle Konzeptualisierung eines zentralen Ortes veraltet ist und durch eine Netzwerkperspektive ersetzt werden sollte, mit der die zunehmend kreuz und quer verlaufenden Wechselwirkungen zwischen raumlichen Einheiten betont wird. In diesem Beitrag uberprufen wir die Entwicklung urbaner Netzwerke am Beispiel der Pendlerstrome im Grossraum des Sudostens von Grossbritannien zwischen 1981 und 2001. Aus den empirischen Ergebnissen geht hervor, dass sich der Sudosten Grossbritanniens derzeit nicht als polyzentrische urbane Region oder integriertes urbanes Netzwerk charakterisieren lasst. Dennoch gibt es einige Anzeichen fur die Entwicklung eines urbanen Netzwerks auf lokaler intra-urbaner Ebene sowie fur eine Dezentralisierung des Systems auf regionaler intra-urbaner Ebene. Grossbritannien Grossraum Sudost Urbane Netzwerke Pendlerverkehr Schwerkraftmodell De Goei B., Burger M. J., Van Oort F. G. y Kitson M. Policentrismo funcional y desarrollo de redes urbanas en el sureste de Inglaterra: evidencias de modelos de desplazamientos, 1981-2001, Regional Studies. En la literatura contemporanea sobre cambios en los sistemas urbanos se suele argumentar que la conceptualizacion tradicional de un lugar centrico esta desfasada y deberia reemplazarse por una vision de redes que haga hincapie en el creciente modelo entrecruzado de interdependencias entre las unidades espaciales. En este articulo comprobamos como se desarrollan las redes urbanas al observar los modelos de desplazamientos en la region sureste del Reino Unido durante el periodo 1981-2001. Aunque los resultados empiricos indican que la region sureste del Reino Unido no se puede caracterizar actualmente como una region urbana policentrica o una red urbana integrada, hay evidencias de un desarrollo de redes urbanas a nivel local e intraurbano y una descentralizacion del sistema a nivel regional e interurbano. Reino Unido Zona sureste Redes urbanas Desplazamientos al trabajo Modelo de gravedad

Suggested Citation

  • Bastiaan De Goei & Martijn Burger & Frank Van Oort & Michael Kitson, 2010. "Functional Polycentrism and Urban Network Development in the Greater South East, United Kingdom: Evidence from Commuting Patterns, 1981-2001," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(9), pages 1149-1170.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:44:y:2010:i:9:p:1149-1170
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400903365102

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Carey, Henry Charles, 1858. "Principle of social science," History of Economic Thought Books, McMaster University Archive for the History of Economic Thought, number carey1858.
    2. William H. Greene, 1994. "Accounting for Excess Zeros and Sample Selection in Poisson and Negative Binomial Regression Models," Working Papers 94-10, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics.
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    Cited by:

    1. Tony Champion & Mike Coombes, 2012. "Is Pennine England becoming more Polycentric or more Centripetal? An Analysis of Commuting Flows in a Transforming Industrial Region, 1981-2001," SERC Discussion Papers 0105, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
    2. Frank van Oort & Martijn Burger & Otto Raspe, 2010. "On the Economic Foundation of the Urban Network Paradigm: Spatial Integration, Functional Integration and Economic Complementarities within the Dutch Randstad," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 47(4), pages 725-748, April.
    3. repec:eee:jotrge:v:70:y:2018:i:c:p:31-39 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Martijn J. Burger & Evert J. Meijers & Frank G. Oort, 2014. "Multiple Perspectives on Functional Coherence: Heterogeneity and Multiplexity in the Randstad," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 105(4), pages 444-464, September.
    5. repec:spr:anresc:v:61:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s00168-018-0864-7 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:5:p:467:d:69798 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Nancy Ruiz Estupiñán & Carlos Marmolejo Duarte & Moira Tornés Fernández, 2013. "Functional Polycentricity And Its Role In The Emergence Of Structural Places. The Case Of Major Spanish Metropolitan Areas," ERSA conference papers ersa13p634, European Regional Science Association.
    8. Jaume Masip Tresserra, 2013. "Sub-centres and Urban Inequality: A study on Social Equity in the Barcelona Metropolitan Region," ERSA conference papers ersa13p64, European Regional Science Association.
    9. Zhaohui Chong & Chenglin Qin & Xinyue Ye, 2016. "Environmental Regulation, Economic Network and Sustainable Growth of Urban Agglomerations in China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(5), pages 1-21, May.
    10. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:11:p:4157-:d:182226 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Martijn J. Burger & Evert J. Meijers & Frank G. van Oort, 2014. "Editorial: The Development and Functioning of Regional Urban Systems," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(12), pages 1921-1925, December.
    12. David Gray, 2015. "Hidden Properties of Irish House Price Vintages," Housing Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(8), pages 1317-1353, November.
    13. Martijn J. Burger & Evert J. Meijers & Marloes M. Hoogerbrugge & Jaume Masip Tresserra, 2015. "Borrowed Size, Agglomeration Shadows and Cultural Amenities in North-West Europe," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(6), pages 1090-1109, June.
    14. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:8:p:1465-:d:108868 is not listed on IDEAS


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