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Interregional Multipliers: Looking Backward, Looking Forward

  • Erik Dietzenbacher

Backward linkages are usually measured using output multipliers as based on the input matrix. Similarly, value-added and import multipliers are derived by additionally using the corresponding primary input coefficients. For measuring forward linkages, input multipliers have been frequently used. Within a 'supply-driven' input-output model, these multipliers are obtained from the output matrix. The present paper extends this notion by taking into account also the final output coefficients. This yields consumption, export and investment multipliers. In an empirical analysis, multipliers are calculated for an intercountry input-output table of six European Union (EU) countries. The multipliers are decomposed into intracountry effects, intercountry spillover effects and intercountry feedback effects. D'habitude, les liens en amont sont mesures a partir des multiplicateurs de production bases sur la matrice des facteurs de production. De la meme maniere, des multiplicateurs de valeur ajoutee et d'importation sont aussi etablis employant les coefficients des facteurs de production primaires correspondants. Afin de mesurer les liens en aval, on emploie souvent des multiplicateurs des facteurs de production. Au sein d'un modele des echanges intersectoriels determine par l'offre, ces multiplacateurs proviennent de la matrice de la production. Cet article cherche a etendre cette notion en tenant compte des coefficients de la production finale. Il en resulte des multiplicateurs de consommation, d'exportation et d'investissement. A partir d'une analyse empirique, des multiplicateurs sont calcules pour un tableau d'echanges intersectoriels de six pays de l'Union europeene (Ue). Les multiplicateurs sont desagreges en effets qui se font au sein d'un meme pays, et en effets de repartition et de redistribution qui se font entre les pays en question. Bereits bestehende Verknupfungen werden gewohnlich mit Hilfe von Ertragsmultiplikatoren gemessen, die sich auf die Aufwandsmatrix stutzen. Mehrwert- und Importmultiplikatoren werden auf ahnliche Art und Weise durch zusatzliche Benutzung entsprechender Koeffizienten des Grundaufwands abgeleitet. Zur Messung voraussichticher Verknupfungen sind oft Aufwandsmultiplikatoren eingesetzt worden. Ineinem 'lieferungsgetriebenen' Aufwands-Ertragsmodell erhielt man Multiplikatoren von der Ertagsmatrix. Der vorliegende Aufsatz erweitert diese Idee, indem er auch den Endertragskoeffizienten mit in Betracht zieht. Dies ergibt Verbrauchs-, Export- und Investierungsmultiplikatoren. In einer empirischen Analyse werden Multiplikatoren fur eine interstaatliche Aufwands-Ertragstabelle von sechs EU Landern berechnet. Die Multiplikatoren werden in innerstaatliche Auswirkungen, interstaatliche Uberlaufsauswirkungen und interstaatliche Ruckkoppelungswirkungen zerlegt.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 36 (2002)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 125-136

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:36:y:2002:i:2:p:125-136
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