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Persistence and Turnover in Regional Unemployment Disparities

  • Jaakko Pehkonen
  • Hannu Tervo

PEHKONEN J. and TERVO H. (1998) Reg. Studies, 32 , 445-458, Persistence and turnover in regional unemployment disparities. This study investigates persistence and turnover in regional unemployment disparities in Finland by examining time-series data on 10 labour districts and 423 municipalities. The data on the labour districts indicates that regional unemployment disparities are rather persistent and that steady-state unemployment rates differ considerably across the districts. The results on the municipality level data, however, suggest the presence of substantial intra-distribution dynamics and that the degree of persistence is less profound than the labour district data indicates. In all, the results are more in line with the disequilibrium than the equilibrium view of the causes of regional unemployment differences. PEHKONEN J. et TERVO H. (1998)La persistance et l'evolution des ecarts du chomage regional, Reg. Studies 32 , 445- 458. Cette etude examine la persistance et l'evolution des ecarts du chomage regional en Finlande a partir des donnees exprimees en serie temporelle et provenant de dix bassins d'emploi et de 423 municipalites. Les donnees relatives aux bassins d'emploi laissent voir que les ecarts du chomage regional ont tendance a persister et que la stabilite des taux de chomage varient sensiblement a travers les bassins. Cependant, au niveau de la municipalite les resultats laissent voir la presence d'une dynamique non-negligeable au sein de la distribution et une persistance moins marquee que les bassins d'emploi ne laissent supposer. A tout prendre, les resultats s'accordent mieux a l'explication des ecarts du chomage regional qui remonte a la notion de d'equilibre plutot qu' a la notion d'equilibre. PEHKONEN J. und TERVO H. (1998) Fortbestand und Wandel regionaler Ungleichheiten der Erwerbslosigkeit, Reg. Studies 32 , 445-458. Dieser Aufsatz untersucht Fortbestand und Wandel regionaler Ungleichheiten der Erwerbslosigkeit in Finnland durch Uberprufung von Zeitseriendaten in zehn Arbeitsgebieten und 423 Gemeinden. Die Daten fur die Arbeitsgebiete zeigen, dass regionale Ungleichheiten der Erwerbslosigkeit ziemlich hartnackig sind, und gleichbleibende Erwerbslosigkeitsraten erheblich von einem Distrikt zum andern abweichen. Die Ergebnisse fur Daten auf Gemeindeebene legen jedoch das Vorhandensein einer betrachtlichen Dynamik innerhalb der Verteilung nahe, und dass das Ausmass des hartnackigen Fortbestands weniger schwerwiegend ist als die Arbeitsgebietsdaten andeuten. Insgesamt stimmen die Ergebnisse eher mit der Auffassung eines gestorten Gleichgewichts als der des Gleichgewichts bezuglich der Ursache regionaler Erwerbslosigkeitsunterschiede uberein.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 32 (1998)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 445-458

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:32:y:1998:i:5:p:445-458
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