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Efficiency in the New Zealand rock lobster fishery: A production frontier analysis

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  • Basil Sharp
  • David Castilla-Espino
  • Juan Jose Garcia del Hoyo

Abstract

New Zealand's quota management system has been operating since 1986. Evidence based on quota prices supports the effectiveness of rights based management in addressing the twin ills of fisheries management, unsustainable harvest and economic inefficiency. Faced with output controls fishing firms have an incentive improve efficiency. Little is known about efficiency gains within rights-based systems of governance. This paper looks for evidence of efficiency gains in New Zealand's commercial rock lobster fishery between 1993 and 2002. Confidential firm-level data are used. The stochastic Cobb-Douglas production frontier model used to estimate efficiency performed well. Parameter estimates accorded with theory and were significant in each period with the exception of labour in 1993. The industry is not characterised by constant returns to scale. A comparison of the efficiency distribution in 1993 with that obtained in 2002 suggests that the mean level of efficiency has increased over the period and the increase is significant. The within-year dispersion of efficiency has reduced. These results support the efficiency enhancing incentives associated with rights-based fishing.

Suggested Citation

  • Basil Sharp & David Castilla-Espino & Juan Jose Garcia del Hoyo, 2004. "Efficiency in the New Zealand rock lobster fishery: A production frontier analysis," New Zealand Economic Papers, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(2), pages 207-218.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:nzecpp:v:38:y:2004:i:2:p:207-218
    DOI: 10.1080/00779950409544403
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Stephanie McWhinnie & Kofi Otumawu-Apreku, 2013. "The Role of Fixed Cost and Non-Discretionary Variables in Fisheries: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation," School of Economics Working Papers 2013-19, University of Adelaide, School of Economics.
    2. Stephanie McWhinnie & Kofi Otumawu-Apreku, 2013. "Profit Efficiency of the South Australian Rock Lobster Fishery: Nerlovian and Directional Distance Function Approach," School of Economics Working Papers 2013-13, University of Adelaide, School of Economics.
    3. Stephanie McWhinnie & Kofi Otumawu-Apreku, 2013. "Evaluating Profit Efficiency of the South Australian Rock Lobster Fishery: Nerlovian and Directional Distance Function Approach," School of Economics Working Papers 2013-18, University of Adelaide, School of Economics.
    4. Quang Nguyen & Sean Pascoe & Louisa Coglan & Son Nghiem, 2021. "The sensitivity of efficiency scores to input and other choices in stochastic frontier analysis: an empirical investigation," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 55(1), pages 31-40, February.
    5. Liu, Liwei & Sun, Xiaoru & Chen, Chuxiang & Zhao, Erdong, 2016. "How will auctioning impact on the carbon emission abatement cost of electric power generation sector in China?," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 168(C), pages 594-609.

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