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The Role of China in the Global Strategy of Multinational Enterprises


  • Peter Buckley


This paper moves from the general to the particular. First, it examines the differential speed of globalization in different types of market - specifically markets in finance, goods and services, and finally labour markets. It then analyses the location and ownership strategies of multinational enterprises (MNEs), both as regards individual national markets and then in terms of the interaction between national markets (the 'local/global' spectrum). This analytical framework is applied to the place of China in the global strategy of MNEs. This application illuminates the role of DFI (direct foreign investment) in China and illustrates the peculiarities of China's place in the global system. The distortions in China's domestic system interact with the global strategies of MNEs to produce several interesting results, including: (1) the importance of MNEs' ownership strategy; (2) non-optimal location decisions; (3) the 'excessive internalization' of activities in China; and (4) the growing importance of China as a location for DFI and, in future, the potential for growth of outward DFI from China.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Buckley, 2004. "The Role of China in the Global Strategy of Multinational Enterprises," Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 2(1), pages 1-25.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jocebs:v:2:y:2004:i:1:p:1-25 DOI: 10.1080/14765280310001631354

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Liu, Xiaming & Wang, Chengang & Wei, Yingqi, 2001. "Causal links between foreign direct investment and trade in China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 12(2-3), pages 190-202.
    2. Peter J Buckley & Jeremy Clegg & Chengqi Wang, 2002. "The Impact of Inward FDI on the Performance of Chinese Manufacturing Firms," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 33(4), pages 637-655, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Matanda, Margaret Jekanyika & Freeman, Susan, 2009. "Effect of perceived environmental uncertainty on exporter-importer inter-organisational relationships and export performance improvement," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 89-107, February.
    2. Wang, Jue & Liu, Xiaming & Li, Xiaoying, 2009. "A dual-role typology of multinational subsidiaries," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(6), pages 578-591, December.
    3. repec:mgs:ijmsba:v:1:y:2015:i:5:p:38-50 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Buckley, Peter J., 2009. "Internalisation thinking: From the multinational enterprise to the global factory," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 224-235, June.


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