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Measuring market imperfection in the manufacturing sector: Theory and evidence from India

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  • Sandwip Kumar Das
  • Manoj Pant

Abstract

In this paper we have looked at the structure of competition in the Indian corporate sector during 1989 - 2003 and found that the new industrial policy has not been able to foster greater competitiveness in organized industries. In spite of an increase of in the number of firms, the industry has not become more competitive in terms of the difference between price and marginal cost. The firms that have entered are small players in the market and no significant entry of middle-sized firms has taken place. In order to deal with the 'missing middle' aspect of industrial concentration in India, we have used a leadership model to estimate the mark-ups for groups of small and large firms. The theoretical model suggests that sample classification is necessary in order avoid bias in mark-up estimates. The sub-game perfect equilibrium in the leadership model also suggests that the mark-up of small firms is different from that of the large firms and possibly higher under certain conditions, which is partly supported by the econometric finding in the Indian context.

Suggested Citation

  • Sandwip Kumar Das & Manoj Pant, 2006. "Measuring market imperfection in the manufacturing sector: Theory and evidence from India," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(1), pages 63-79.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jitecd:v:15:y:2006:i:1:p:63-79
    DOI: 10.1080/09638190500524236
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Harrison, Ann E., 1994. "Productivity, imperfect competition and trade reform : Theory and evidence," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1-2), pages 53-73, February.
    2. Pant, Manoj & Pattanayak, Manoranjan, 2005. "Does Openness Promote Competition? A Case Study of Indian Manufacturing," MPRA Paper 2871, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Domowitz, Ian & Hubbard, R Glenn & Petersen, Bruce C, 1988. "Market Structure and Cyclical Fluctuations in U.S. Manufacturing," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 70(1), pages 55-66, February.
    4. Krishna, Pravin & Mitra, Devashish, 1998. "Trade liberalization, market discipline and productivity growth: new evidence from India," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(2), pages 447-462, August.
    5. Bandyopadhyay, Arindam & Das, Sandwip Kumar, 2005. "The linkage between the firm's financing decisions and real market performance: A panel study of Indian corporate sector," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 57(4), pages 288-316.
    6. Hall, Robert E, 1988. "The Relation between Price and Marginal Cost in U.S. Industry," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 96(5), pages 921-947, October.
    7. Tybout, James R, 1992. "Linking Trade and Productivity: New Research Directions," The World Bank Economic Review, World Bank, vol. 6(2), pages 189-211, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Anthony N. Rezitis & Maria A. Kalantzi, 2016. "Evaluating the state of competition and the welfare losses in the Greek manufacturing sector: an extended Hall–Roeger approach," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 50(4), pages 1275-1302, June.
    2. Sugata Marjit & Moushakhi Ray, 2020. "Asset Level Heterogeneity, Competition and Export Incentives: The Role of Credit Rationing," CESifo Working Paper Series 8208, CESifo.
    3. Lopamudra D. Satpathy & Bikash Ranjan Mishra, 2019. "Size-Competition-Productivity Nexus: Evidence from Indian Manufacturing Firms," South Asia Economic Journal, Institute of Policy Studies of Sri Lanka, vol. 20(2), pages 303-321, September.
    4. Marjit, Sugata & Ray, Moushakhi, 2021. "Competition, asset build up and export incentives: The role of imperfect credit market," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 77(C).
    5. Marjit, Sugata & Ray, Moushakhi, 2017. "Export profitability, competition and technology," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 35-45.
    6. Alokesh Barua & Debashis Chakraborty & Hariprasad CG, 2012. "Entry, Competitiveness and Exports: Evidence from the Indian Firm Data," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 12(3), pages 325-347, September.
    7. Manoranjan Pattanayak Author- Workplace-Name: CRISIL LIMITED & Manoj Pant, "undated". "Corporate Governance, Competition and Firm Performance: Evidence from India," Centre for International Trade and Development, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi Discussion Papers 10-07, Centre for International Trade and Development, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India.
    8. Barua, Alokesh & Chakraborty, Debashis & Hariprasad, C. G., 2010. "Entry, Competitiveness and Exports: Evidence from Firm Level Data of Indian Manufacturing," MPRA Paper 22738, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Manoj Pant & Manoranjan Pattanayak, 2010. "Corporate Governance, Competition and Firm Performance," Journal of Emerging Market Finance, Institute for Financial Management and Research, vol. 9(3), pages 347-381, December.
    10. Hariprasad Govinda, 2016. "Competition, Openness and Inequality of Firm Size in the Indian Manufacturing," Foreign Trade Review, , vol. 51(1), pages 81-97, February.
    11. Ariel Herbert Fambeu, 2024. "Export Performance Under Imperfect Competition: Evidence from Manufacturing Firms in Cameroon," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 24(1), pages 1-18, December.

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