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Teaching Inflation Targeting: An Analysis for Intermediate Macro


  • Carl E. Walsh


Over the last decade, many central banks have adopted policies known as inflation targeting. If intermediate-level macroeconomics students are to be prepared to think about current policy issues, it is important to provide them with an introduction to the macroeconomic implications of inflation targeting. Unfortunately, the standard aggregate demand-aggregate supply frameworks commonly used to teach intermediate macroeconomics are not well suited for this task because they are expressed in terms of output and the price level and because they fail to make explicit the policy objectives of the central bank. The author provides a simple graphical device involving the output gap and the inflation rate that overcomes these problems and that can be used to teach intermediate macroeconomics students about inflation targeting.

Suggested Citation

  • Carl E. Walsh, 2002. "Teaching Inflation Targeting: An Analysis for Intermediate Macro," The Journal of Economic Education, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(4), pages 333-346, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jeduce:v:33:y:2002:i:4:p:333-346 DOI: 10.1080/00220480209595331

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Eckhard Hein & Achim Truger, 2011. "Fiscal Policy in the Macroeconomic Policy Mix: A Critique of the New Consensus Model and a Comparison of Macroeconomic Policies in France, Germany, the UK and Sweden from a Post-Keynesian Perspective," Chapters,in: Credit, Money and Macroeconomic Policy, chapter 12 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    2. Carlin Wendy & Soskice David, 2005. "The 3-Equation New Keynesian Model --- A Graphical Exposition," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 5(1), pages 1-38, December.
    3. Gärtner, Manfred & Griesbach, Björn & Jung, Florian, 2011. "Teaching Macroeconomics after the Crisis: A Survey among Undergraduate Instructors in Europe and the U.S," Economics Working Paper Series 1120, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science.
    4. repec:kap:openec:v:29:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s11079-017-9445-0 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Peter Bofinger & Eric Mayer, 2007. "Monetary and Fiscal Policy Interaction in the Euro Area with Different Assumptions on the Phillips Curve," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 18(3), pages 291-305, July.
    6. Peter Bofinger & Eric Mayer & Timo Wollmershäuser, 2009. "Teaching New Keynesian Open Economy Macroeconomics at the Intermediate Level," The Journal of Economic Education, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(1), pages 80-102, January.
    7. Hans-Werner Wohltmann & Alexander Totzek, 2012. "Barro-Gordon Revisited: Reputational Equilibria in a New Keynesian Model," Credit and Capital Markets, Credit and Capital Markets, vol. 45(1), pages 27-50.
    8. Ábel, István & Siklos, Pierre L., 2007. "Mindentől függetlenül. A monetáris politika hatása a gazdasági ciklusra Magyarországon
      [Irrespective of everything. The effect of monetary policy on the economic cycle]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(11), pages 945-959.
    9. Luis Eduardo Arango Thomas & Ximena Chavarro & Eliana González, 2015. "Commodity Price Shocks and Inflation within an Optimal Monetary Policy Framwork: the case of Colombia," Monetaria, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, vol. 0(2), pages 203-249, July-Dece.
    10. Dai, Meixing & Sidiropoulos, Moïse, 2002. "Règle du taux d'intérêt optimale, prix des actions et taux d'inflation anticipé : une étude de la stabilité macroéconomique
      [Optimal interest rate rule, asset prices and expected inflation rate : a
      ," MPRA Paper 14401, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Jun 2003.
    11. Meixing DAI, 2009. "On the role of money growth targeting under inflation targeting regime," Working Papers of BETA 2009-11, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
    12. Bofinger, Peter & Mayer, Eric & Wollmershäuser, Timo & Hülsewig, Oliver, 2003. "The BMW model: A new framework for teaching monetary macroeconomics in closed and open economies," W.E.P. - Würzburg Economic Papers 34, University of Würzburg, Chair for Monetary Policy and International Economics.
    13. Dai, Meixing, 2011. "Financial market imperfections and monetary policy strategy," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(6), pages 2609-2621.
    14. Waldo Mendoza Bellido, 2017. " Teaching Modern Macroeconomics in the Traditional Language: The IS-MR-AD-AS Model," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2017-443, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
    15. Joerg Baumberger, 2003. "Aligning basic to intermediate macroeconomics to current central bank practice - new suggestions and some unfinished business," University of St. Gallen Department of Economics working paper series 2003 2003-10, Department of Economics, University of St. Gallen.
    16. Pierre-Richard Agénor & Peter J. Montiel, 2007. "Credit Market Imperfections and the Monetary Transmission Mechanism Part II: Flexible Exchange Rates," Centre for Growth and Business Cycle Research Discussion Paper Series 87, Economics, The Univeristy of Manchester.
    17. Benigno, Pierpaolo, 2015. "New-Keynesian economics: An AS–AD view," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(4), pages 503-524.
    18. Peter Bofinger & Eric Mayer, 2006. "The Svensson versus McCallum and Nelson Controversy Revisited in the BMW Framework," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 585, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    19. Dai, Meixing, 2007. "The design of a ‘two-pillar’ monetary policy strategy," MPRA Paper 14403, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Mar 2009.
    20. Hiermeyer, Martin, 2018. "A Tautologies-Founded IS-LM Model," MPRA Paper 83681, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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