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Poorer workers. The determinants of wage formation in Europe

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  • Francesco Bogliacino

Abstract

Using industry level data for eight European countries, we present empirical evidence of poor wage performance in the two decades straddling the millennium. There was a real wage decline in many sectors and we examine its inequality-enhancing effect. A theoretical framework is proposed and assessed in order to understand this evolution of wages, identifying their main determinants. We investigate the role played by different types of innovation, increasing international openness, demand, norms limiting competition and employment change. The results are consistent with our thesis that technology and globalization shape the bargaining power of workers; increasing wages are found in industries characterized by product innovation, while process innovation and greater international openness are associated to a reduction of real wages.

Suggested Citation

  • Francesco Bogliacino, 2009. "Poorer workers. The determinants of wage formation in Europe," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(3), pages 327-343.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:irapec:v:23:y:2009:i:3:p:327-343
    DOI: 10.1080/02692170902811751
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Sébastien Jean & Giuseppe Nicoletti, 2015. "Product market regulation and wage premia in Europe and North America: An empirical investigation," International Economics, CEPII research center, issue 144, pages 1-28.
    2. Paul Conway & Giuseppe Nicoletti, 2006. "Product Market Regulation in the Non-Manufacturing Sectors of OECD Countries: Measurement and Highlights," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 530, OECD Publishing.
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    Cited by:

    1. Thanos Fragkandreas, 2022. "Three Decades of Research on Innovation and Inequality: Causal Scenarios, Explanatory Factors, and Suggestions," Working Papers 60, Birkbeck Centre for Innovation Management Research, revised Feb 2022.
    2. Maurizio Franzini & Mario Pianta, 2015. "Four engines of inequality," LEM Papers Series 2015/20, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    3. Maurizio Franzini & Mario Pianta, 2011. "Explaining inequality in today?s capitalism," Working Papers 1108, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Department of Economics, Society & Politics - Scientific Committee - L. Stefanini & G. Travaglini, revised 2011.
    4. Andrea Coveri & Mario Pianta, 2019. "The Structural Dynamics of Income Distribution:Technology, Wages and Profits," Working Papers 1901, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Department of Economics, Society & Politics - Scientific Committee - L. Stefanini & G. Travaglini, revised 2019.
    5. Maurizio Franzini & Mario Pianta, 2015. "The making of inequality.Capital, labour and the distribution of income," Working Papers 1507, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Department of Economics, Society & Politics - Scientific Committee - L. Stefanini & G. Travaglini, revised 2015.

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