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Product Market Regulation and Wage Premia in Europe and North America: An Empirical Investigation

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  • Sébastien Jean
  • Giuseppe Nicoletti

Abstract

Using new cross-country data on industry-specific product market regulations, this paper investigates the relationship between wage premia and some of the policy determinants of product market rents. Hourly wage premia in 2-digit manufacturing and non-manufacturing industries are estimated from detailed data on wage earnings in (or around) 1996 by category of worker (age, sex, education and type of contract) in 12 European and North-American countries. The effects of regulation on these wage premia are estimated by panel data regression techniques. We find that product market regulation restricting competition has a significant positive impact on wage premia in both manufacturing and non-manufacturing industries. However, in the latter industries, this effect is offset by a negative effect of legal public monopolies on wage premia. Since public ownership per se shows no relation to premia, we interpret this result as evidence of either a low-productivity trap due to x-inefficiency ... Régulation des marchés des biens et rentes salariales en Europe et en Amérique du nord : Une analyse empirique Cette étude utilise une nouvelle base de données internationale concernant les régulations sectorielles pour explorer le lien entre les primes salariales et quelques unes des politiques qui affectent les rentes dans les marchés des produits. Les primes salariales horaires dans plusieurs industries manufacturières et non manufacturières sont estimées à partir de données détaillées sur les salaires par catégories de travailleurs (âge, sexe, éducation et type de contrat) dans 12 pays Européen et de l’Amérique du Nord en (ou aux environs de) 1996. Les effets des régulations sur ces primes salariales sont ensuite estimées en utilisant des méthodes économétriques de panel. Nous trouvons que les régulations qui réduisent la concurrence ont un impact positif et significatif sur les primes salariales dans les industries manufacturières et non manufacturières. Dans ces dernières, toutefois, cet effet est partiellement compensé par un effet négatif et significatif des monopoles publics légaux ...

Suggested Citation

  • Sébastien Jean & Giuseppe Nicoletti, 2002. "Product Market Regulation and Wage Premia in Europe and North America: An Empirical Investigation," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 318, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:318-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/016668388552
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    Keywords

    competition; concurrence; données de panel; panel data; partage des rentes; regulation; rent sharing; rentes salariales; régulation; wage premia;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation

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