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Creating an Entrepreneurial Region: Two Waves of Academic Spin-offs from Halmstad University

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  • Eva Berggren
  • Åsa Lindholm Dahlstrand

Abstract

This article presents a Swedish case study of the regional effects of academic spin-offs. It is based on empirical data from Halmstad University and the Halmstad region, on the west coast of Sweden. The Halmstad case functions as an illustration of co-existing territorial and functional rationales, where a “rurban” lifestyle is combined with an increasingly “pracademic” knowledge. Spillover effects of university research (directly as well as indirectly) in the form of academic spin-offs have been traced over time. In doing so, we are able to identify two waves of academic entrepreneurship with direct and indirect regional effects. These waves contribute to the strengthening of the regional entrepreneurship and the attractiveness of the region. The establishment and (early) actions of the university can be seen as a stone that was thrown in the water, causing several waves to appear in the region. Whether these waves will be reinforced enough to create an entrepreneurial region, or just slowly disappear as rings on the water, also depends on the creation of an absorptive capacity and construction of the regional innovation system.

Suggested Citation

  • Eva Berggren & Åsa Lindholm Dahlstrand, 2009. "Creating an Entrepreneurial Region: Two Waves of Academic Spin-offs from Halmstad University," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(8), pages 1171-1189, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:eurpls:v:17:y:2009:i:8:p:1171-1189
    DOI: 10.1080/09654310902981037
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1080/09654310902981037
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Koen Frenken & Frank G. van Oort & Thijs Verburg & Ron A. Boschma, 2004. "Variety and regional economic growth in the Netherlands," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 0502, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Dec 2004.
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    Cited by:

    1. Dorner, Matthias & Fryges, Helmut & Schopen, Kathrin, 2017. "Wages in high-tech start-ups – Do academic spin-offs pay a wage premium?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 1-18.
    2. Felzensztein, Christian & Brodt, Susan E. & Gimmon, Eli, 2014. "Do strategic marketing and social capital really matter in regional clusters? Lessons from an emerging economy of Latin America," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 67(4), pages 498-507.
    3. Donato Iacobucci & Alessandra Micozzi, 2015. "How to evaluate the impact of academic spin-offs on local development: an empirical analysis of the Italian case," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 40(3), pages 434-452, June.
    4. repec:kap:jtecht:v:43:y:2018:i:5:d:10.1007_s10961-016-9536-x is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Yoon, Hyungseok & Yun, Sunyoung & Lee, Joosung & Phillips, Fred, 2015. "Entrepreneurship in East Asian Regional Innovation Systems: Role of social capital," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 83-95.
    6. Svante Andersson & Eva Berggren, 2016. "Born global or local? Factors influencing the internationalization of university spin-offs—the case of Halmstad University
      [Born Global oder Born Local: Was beinflüsst und erleichtert die Internati
      ," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 14(3), pages 296-322, September.
    7. Stephan Heblich & Viktor Slavtchev, 2014. "Parent universities and the location of academic startups," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 42(1), pages 1-15, January.
    8. repec:spr:jknowl:v:9:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s13132-017-0501-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. repec:fan:macoma:v:html10.3280/maco2018-001004 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Åstebro, Thomas & Bazzazian, Navid & Braguinsky, Serguey, 2012. "Startups by recent university graduates and their faculty: Implications for university entrepreneurship policy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 663-677.
    11. repec:kap:jtecht:v:42:y:2017:i:6:d:10.1007_s10961-016-9470-y is not listed on IDEAS

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