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Feedforward neural networks in the classification of financial information

  • Carlos Serrano-Cinca

Financial research has given rise to numerous studies in which, on the basis of the information provided by financial statements, companies are classified into different groups. An example is that of the classification of companies into those that are solvent and those that are insolvent. Linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and logistic regression have been the most commonly used statistical models in this type of work. One feedforward neural network, known as the multilayer perceptron (MLP), performs the same task as LDA and logistic regression which, a priori, makes it appropriate for the treatment of financial information. In this paper, a practical case based on data from Spanish companies, shows, in an empirical form, the strengths and weaknesses of feedforward neural networks. The desirability of carrying out an exploratory data analysis of the financial ratios in order to study their statistical properties, with the aim of achieving an appropriate model selection, is made clear.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal The European Journal of Finance.

Volume (Year): 3 (1997)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 183-202

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Handle: RePEc:taf:eurjfi:v:3:y:1997:i:3:p:183-202
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  1. Frydman, Halina & Altman, Edward I & Kao, Duen-Li, 1985. " Introducing Recursive Partitioning for Financial Classification: The Case of Financial Distress," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 40(1), pages 269-91, March.
  2. Srinivasan, Venkat & Kim, Yong H, 1987. " Credit Granting: A Comparative Analysis of Classification Procedures," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 42(3), pages 665-81, July.
  3. Eisenbeis, Robert A, 1977. "Pitfalls in the Application of Discriminant Analysis in Business, Finance, and Economics," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 32(3), pages 875-900, June.
  4. K. Feldman & J. Kingdon, 1995. "Neural networks and some applications to finance," Applied Mathematical Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 2(1), pages 17-42.
  5. Haggstrom, Gus W, 1983. "Logistic Regression and Discriminant Analysis by Ordinary Least Squares," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 1(3), pages 229-38, July.
  6. Lo, Andrew W., 1986. "Logit versus discriminant analysis : A specification test and application to corporate bankruptcies," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 151-178, March.
  7. Cecilio Mar-Molinero & Carlos Serrano-Cinca, 2001. "Bank failure: a multidimensional scaling approach," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(2), pages 165-183.
  8. Molinero, C Mar & Ezzamel, M, 1991. "Multidimensional scaling applied to corporate failure," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 259-274.
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