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Microdeterminants of consumption, poverty, growth, and inequality in Bangladesh

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  • Quentin Wodon

Abstract

Using in a consistent way the household level data of five successive national surveys, this paper analyses at once the microdeterminants (and changes thereof) of consumption, poverty, growth, and inequality in Bangladesh from 1983 to 1996. Education, demographics, land ownership, occupation, and geographic location all affect consumption and poverty. The gains in per capita consumption associated with many of these household characteristics tend to be stable over time. Demographics have had the largest impact on growth. Education (in urban areas) and land (in rural areas) contribute the most to measures of conditional between group inequality, a new concept introduced in the paper to avoid the pitfalls of traditional group decompositions of the Gini index, followed by location in both sectors.

Suggested Citation

  • Quentin Wodon, 2000. "Microdeterminants of consumption, poverty, growth, and inequality in Bangladesh," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(10), pages 1337-1352.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:32:y:2000:i:10:p:1337-1352
    DOI: 10.1080/000368400404498
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    Cited by:

    1. Fiona Tregenna, 2012. "What are the distributional implications of halving poverty in South Africa when growth alone is not enough?," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(20), pages 2577-2596, July.
    2. Awulachew, Seleshi Bekele & Erkossa, Teklu & Balcha, Yodit, 2008. "2nd Forum on Irrigation and water for sustainable development: 15 –16 December, 2008 Ghion Hotel, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia," IWMI Conference Proceedings 118411, International Water Management Institute.
    3. Arsenio M Balisacan, 2004. "Averting Hunger and Food Insecurity in Asia," Asian Journal of Agriculture and Development, Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA), vol. 1(1), pages 39-60, June.
    4. Suleiman Abu-Bader & Daniel Gottlieb, 2009. "Poverty, education and employment in the Arab-Bedouin society: A comparative view," Working Papers 137, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
    5. Imran Sharif Chaudhry & Shahnawaz Malik & Abo ul Hassan, 2009. "The Impact of Socioeconomic and Demographic Variables on Poverty: A Village Study," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 14(1), pages 39-68, Jan-Jun.
    6. repec:ilo:ilowps:413417 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Coudouel, Aline & Hentschel, Jesko & Wodon, Quentin, 2002. "Medición y análisis de la pobreza
      [Poverty Measurement and Analysis]
      ," MPRA Paper 10491, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Jean-Pierre Lachaud, 2005. "Crise ivoirienne, envois de fonds et pauvreté au Burkina Faso," Revue Tiers-Monde, Armand Colin, vol. 0(3), pages 651-673.
    9. Jagannadha Tamvada, 2010. "Entrepreneurship and welfare," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 34(1), pages 65-79, January.
    10. Hagos, Fitsum & Jayasinghe, Gayathree & Awulachew, Seleshi Bekele & Loulseged, Makonnen & Yilma, Aster Denekew, 2011. "Poverty impacts of agricultural water management technologies in Ethiopia," Conference Papers h044263, International Water Management Institute.
    11. Coudouel, Aline & Hentschel, Jesko & Wodon, Quentin, 2002. "Измерение И Анализ Бедности
      [Poverty Measurement and Analysis]
      ," MPRA Paper 10492, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Hagos, Fitsum, 2008. "Water supply and sanitation (WSS) and poverty: micro-level linkages in Ethiopia," IWMI Working Papers H041794, International Water Management Institute.
    13. Hagos, Fitsum & Jayasinghe, Gayathree & Awulachew, Seleshi Bekele & Loulseged, Makonnen & Yilma, Aster Denekew, 2011. "Poverty impacts of agricultural water management technologies in Ethiopia," IWMI Conference Proceedings 210891, International Water Management Institute.
    14. Christiaensen, Luc & Scott, Christopher & Wodon, Quentin, 2002. "Poverty Measurement and Analysis," MPRA Paper 45362, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. Islam, S.M.A, 2009. "Inequality and economic growth in Bangladesh–a diversified evidence on Kuznets pattern `U` hypothesis," Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University, Bangladesh Agricultural University Research System (BAURES), vol. 7.
    16. סלימאן אבו-בדר ודר' דניאל גוטליב, 2009. "עוני, חינוך ותעסוקה בחברה הערבית-בדואית: מבט השוואתי (באנגלית)," Working Papers 357, National Insurance Institute of Israel.
    17. Tregenna, Fiona, 2011. "Halving Poverty in South Africa: Growth and Distributional Aspects," WIDER Working Paper Series 060, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    18. Kapsos, Steven., 2008. "The gender wage gap in Bangladesh," ILO Working Papers 994134173402676, International Labour Organization.
    19. Jean-Pierre Lachaud, 2007. "La dynamique de pauvreté provinciale et le marché du travail à Madagascar. Une analyse fondée sur une décomposition de régression," Documents de travail 136, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
    20. Coudouel, Aline & Hentschel, Jesko & Wodon, Quentin, 2002. "Mesure et analyse de la pauvreté
      [Poverty Measurement and Analysis]
      ," MPRA Paper 10490, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    21. Hagos, Fitsum & Jayasinghe, Gayathri & Awulachew, Seleshi Bekele & Loulseged, Makonnen & Denekew, Aster, 2008. "Poverty impacts of agricultural water management technologies in Ethiopia," IWMI Conference Proceedings 233265, International Water Management Institute.
    22. Hagos, Fitsum & Jayasinghe, Gayathri & Awulachew, Seleshi Bekele & Loulseged, Makonnen & Denekew, Aster, 2008. "Poverty impacts of agricultural water management technologies in Ethiopia," Conference Papers h041695, International Water Management Institute.
    23. Glewwe, Paul & Gragnolatti, Michele & Zaman, Hassan, 2000. "Who gained from Vietnam's boom in the 1990s? An analysis of poverty and inequality trends," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2275, The World Bank.
    24. Islam, S.M.A, 2008. "Financial repression and economic distortions to the stage of economic growth and agricultural development in Bangladesh," Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University, Bangladesh Agricultural University Research System (BAURES), vol. 6.
    25. Jean-Pierre Lachaud, 2003. "Les déterminants de l'inégalité du bien-être au Burkina Faso : une décomposition de régression," Documents de travail 85, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.

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