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Does service-level spending show evidence of selection across health plan types?

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Listed:
  • Randall P. Ellis
  • Shenyi Jiang
  • Tzu-Chun Kuo

Abstract

We provide an explanation for the widespread finding that capitated managed care plans attract comparatively healthy, low cost enrollees relative to traditional unmanaged plans. Using disaggregated commercial insurance claims from the Thomson-Reuters MarketScan database, we show that managed care plans spend proportionally less on those types of services that are predicted to be more profitable to ration tightly using a selection index developed by Ellis and McGuire that captures the derivative of profits with respect to reduced spending on disaggregated services. Conventional diagnosis-based risk adjusted premiums reduce selection incentives by about 50% relative to premiums that are not risk-adjusted.

Suggested Citation

  • Randall P. Ellis & Shenyi Jiang & Tzu-Chun Kuo, 2013. "Does service-level spending show evidence of selection across health plan types?," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(13), pages 1701-1712, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:45:y:2013:i:13:p:1701-1712
    DOI: 10.1080/00036846.2011.636023
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Karen Eggleston & Anupa Bir, 2009. "Measuring Selection Incentives in Managed Care: Evidence From the Massachusetts State Employee Insurance Program," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 76(1), pages 159-175.
    2. Ellis, Randall P. & McGuire, Thomas G., 2007. "Predictability and predictiveness in health care spending," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 25-48, January.
    3. Partha Deb & Chenghui Li & Pravin K. Trivedi & David M. Zimmer, 2006. "The effect of managed care on use of health care services: results from two contemporaneous household surveys," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(7), pages 743-760.
    4. Frank, Richard G. & Glazer, Jacob & McGuire, Thomas G., 2000. "Measuring adverse selection in managed health care," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(6), pages 829-854, November.
    5. Arlene Ash & Randall P. Ellis & Gregory Pope & John Ayanian & David Bates & Helen Burstin & Lisa Iezzoni & Elizabeth McKay & Wei Yu, 2000. "Using Diagnoses to Describe Populations and Predict Costs," Papers 0099, Boston University - Industry Studies Programme.
    6. Cao, Zhun & McGuire, Thomas G., 2003. "Service-level selection by HMOs in Medicare," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(6), pages 915-931, November.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Randall P. Ellis & Pooja G. Mookim, 2013. "K-Fold Cross-Validation is Superior to Split Sample Validation for Risk Adjustment Models," Boston University - Department of Economics - Working Papers Series wp2013-026, Boston University - Department of Economics.
    2. repec:spr:eujhec:v:18:y:2017:i:9:d:10.1007_s10198-016-0859-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Richard van Kleef & Thomas McGuire & Rene van Vliet & Wynand van de Ven, 2015. "Improving Risk Equalization with Constrained Regression," NBER Working Papers 21570, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Ellis, Randall P. & Jiang, Shenyi & Manning, Willard G., 2015. "Optimal health insurance for multiple goods and time periods," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 89-106.
    5. Timothy J. Layton & Randall P. Ellis & Thomas G. McGuire, 2015. "Assessing Incentives for Adverse Selection in Health Plan Payment Systems," Boston University - Department of Economics - Working Papers Series wp2015-024, Boston University - Department of Economics.
    6. Wynand P. M. M. Ven & René C. J. A. Vliet & Richard C. Kleef, 2017. "How can the regulator show evidence of (no) risk selection in health insurance markets? Conceptual framework and empirical evidence," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 18(2), pages 167-180, March.
    7. McGuire, Thomas G. & Newhouse, Joseph P. & Normand, Sharon-Lise & Shi, Julie & Zuvekas, Samuel, 2014. "Assessing incentives for service-level selection in private health insurance exchanges," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 47-63.
    8. Sungchul Park & Anirban Basu & Norma Coe & Fahad Khalil, 2017. "Service-level Selection: Strategic Risk Selection in Medicare Advantage in Response to Risk Adjustment," NBER Working Papers 24038, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I11 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Analysis of Health Care Markets
    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis

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