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A Multidimensional Poverty Index for Gauteng Province, South Africa: Evidence from Quality of Life Survey Data

Author

Listed:
  • Darlington Mushongera

    () (Gauteng City-Region Observatory (GCRO))

  • Precious Zikhali

    () (Poverty Programme of the World Bank)

  • Phindile Ngwenya

    () (World Bank)

Abstract

Abstract This paper estimates a Multidimensional Poverty Index for Gauteng province of South Africa. The Alkire–Forster method is applied on Quality of Life survey data for 2011 and 2013 which offer an excellent opportunity for estimating poverty at smaller geographical areas. The results suggest that the Multidimensional Poverty Index for Gauteng is low but varies markedly by municipality and by ward, as well as across income groups. Not only are low income households more likely to be multidimensionally poor, they also suffer from higher intensities of poverty. Multidimensional poverty is highest in areas of low economic activity located on the edges of the province. However, pockets of multidimensional poverty do prevail even in better performing municipalities. Government, at all spheres, needs to devise policies that channel investments into lagging areas and avoid approaches that are indifferent to the heterogeneities that exist across localised geographical extents.

Suggested Citation

  • Darlington Mushongera & Precious Zikhali & Phindile Ngwenya, 2017. "A Multidimensional Poverty Index for Gauteng Province, South Africa: Evidence from Quality of Life Survey Data," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 130(1), pages 277-303, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:soinre:v:130:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s11205-015-1176-2
    DOI: 10.1007/s11205-015-1176-2
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Haroon Bhorat & Sumayya Goga & Carlene van der Westhuizen, 2007. "Welfare Shifts in the Post-Apartheid South Africa: A Comprehensive Measurement of Changes," Working Papers 07128, University of Cape Town, Development Policy Research Unit.
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    6. Haroon Bhorat & Carlene van der Westhuizen & Toughedah Jacobs, 2009. "Income and Non-Income Inequality in Post-Apartheid South Africa: What are the Drivers and Possible Policy Interventions?," Working Papers 09138, University of Cape Town, Development Policy Research Unit.
    7. A. Atkinson, 2003. "Multidimensional Deprivation: Contrasting Social Welfare and Counting Approaches," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 1(1), pages 51-65, April.
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