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University-industry linkages’ literature on Sub-Saharan Africa: systematic literature review and bibliometric account

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  • Nelson Casimiro Zavale

    () (University of Basel
    Eduardo Mondlane University)

  • Patrício Vitorino Langa

    () (Eduardo Mondlane University
    University of Western Cape)

Abstract

As a result of the growing interest on University-Industry Linkages (UIL)’ research, systematic literature reviews and bibliometric studies have been undertaken to describe the state-of-the-art and provide a quantitative overview of the literature on UILs. However, these reviews have mainly enhanced the visibility of UILs’ literature targeting developed countries. UILs’ literature focusing on developing countries, particularly on Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), is generally less visible. This paper seeks to fill this gap and to enhance the visibility of UILs’ focusing on SSA, by undertaking a systematic literature review and displaying its bibliometric portrait. More specifically, the paper addresses the evolution, sources, main research questions, units of analysis, methods, countries researched, the influence of this literature, as well as its main findings. Based on Web of Science, Scopus and Google Scholar, 230 relevant articles have been identified and analysed. The paper’s findings demonstrate that, while SSA continues to be an under-research terrain, the quantity of literature targeting this continent seems to be substantial and higher than it is often portrayed. The findings also demonstrate the dominance of South Africa, Nigeria and developed countries, both as knowledge producers and consumers of literature focusing on SSA. African poor countries seem to suffer from a double neglect: they are under-researched, but also ignored when research on them is produced. The paper argues, therefore, for the need to reconsider the place of African low-income countries in UILs’ research, both as empirical fields and as incipient knowledge producers.

Suggested Citation

  • Nelson Casimiro Zavale & Patrício Vitorino Langa, 2018. "University-industry linkages’ literature on Sub-Saharan Africa: systematic literature review and bibliometric account," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 116(1), pages 1-49, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:scient:v:116:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s11192-018-2760-4
    DOI: 10.1007/s11192-018-2760-4
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