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Two methods to assess vulnerability to climate change in the Mexican agricultural sector


  • Alejandro Monterroso


  • Cecilia Conde
  • Carlos Gay
  • David Gómez
  • José López


We applied two methods to assess vulnerability to climate change in Mexico’s agricultural sector. The first one was a principal component analysis (PCA) that weighted each variable separately. For the second one, we integrated the variables in a linear array in which all variables were weighted equally, and then, we used the arithmetic sum of the sub-indices of exposure and sensitivity minus the adaptive capacity to obtain the vulnerability index. We discuss the similarities and differences between two methods with respect to municipal-level maps as the outputs. The application of the method for the agricultural sector in Mexico gave us the spatial distribution of the high- and very-high vulnerability categories, which we propose as a tool for policy. The methods agreed that the very-high vulnerability category is present in 39 municipalities. Also we found that 16 % of the total population in the country is located in high-exposure areas. In addition, 41 % lives in municipalities identified as highly-sensitive. In terms of adaptive capacity, 20 % of the population lives in 1273 municipalities with low-adaptive capacity. Finally, we discuss the need for information regarding vulnerability at the national level to guide policies aimed at reducing exposure and sensitivity and increasing adaptive capacity. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Suggested Citation

  • Alejandro Monterroso & Cecilia Conde & Carlos Gay & David Gómez & José López, 2014. "Two methods to assess vulnerability to climate change in the Mexican agricultural sector," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 19(4), pages 445-461, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:masfgc:v:19:y:2014:i:4:p:445-461
    DOI: 10.1007/s11027-012-9442-y

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Susan L. Cutter & Bryan J. Boruff & W. Lynn Shirley, 2003. "Social Vulnerability to Environmental Hazards," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 84(2), pages 242-261.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:spr:climat:v:147:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s10584-018-2157-7 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Freudenreich, Hanna & Musshoff, Oliver & Wiercinski, Ben, 2017. "The Relationship between Farmers' Shock Experiences and their Uncertainty Preferences - Experimental Evidence from Mexico," GlobalFood Discussion Papers 256212, Georg-August-Universitaet Goettingen, GlobalFood, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development.
    3. repec:spr:masfgc:v:23:y:2018:i:7:d:10.1007_s11027-017-9775-7 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:6:p:1862-:d:150476 is not listed on IDEAS


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