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More pessimism than greediness: a characterization of monotone risk aversion in the rank-dependent expected utility model

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  • Alain Chateauneuf

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  • Michéle Cohen

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  • Isaac Meilijson

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Abstract

This paper studies monotone risk aversion, the aversion to monotone, mean-preserving increase in risk (Quiggin [21]), in the Rank Dependent Expected Utility (RDEU) model. This model replaces expected utility by another functional, characterized by two functions, a utility function u in conjunction with a probability-perception function f. Monotone mean-preserving increases in risk are closely related to the notion of comparative dispersion introduced by Bickel and Lehmann [3,4] in Non-parametric Statistics. We present a characterization of the pairs (u,f) of monotone risk averse decision makers, based on an index of greediness G u of the utility function u and an index of pessimism P f of the probability perception function f: the decision maker is monotone risk averse if and only if $P_f\ge G_u$ . The index of greediness (non-concavity) of u is the supremum of $u^{\prime}(x)/u^{\prime}(y)$ taken over $y\leq x$ . The index of pessimism of f is the infimum of ${\frac{{1-f(v)}}{{1-v}}}/ {\frac{{f(v)}}{{v}}}$ taken over 0 > v > 1. Thus, $G_{u}\geq 1$ , with G u =1 iff u is concave. If $P_{f}\geq G_{u}$ then $P_{f}\geq 1$ , i.e., f is majorized by the identity function. Since P f =1 for Expected Utility maximizers, $P_{f}\geq G_{u}$ forces u to be concave in this case; thus, the characterization of risk aversion as $P_{f}\geq G_{u}$ is a direct generalization from EU to RDEU. A novel element is that concavity of u is not necessary. In fact, u must be concave only if P f =1. Copyright Springer-Verlag Berlin/Heidelberg 2005

Suggested Citation

  • Alain Chateauneuf & Michéle Cohen & Isaac Meilijson, 2005. "More pessimism than greediness: a characterization of monotone risk aversion in the rank-dependent expected utility model," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 25(3), pages 649-667, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:joecth:v:25:y:2005:i:3:p:649-667
    DOI: 10.1007/s00199-003-0451-7
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kimball, Miles S, 1990. "Precautionary Saving in the Small and in the Large," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 58(1), pages 53-73, January.
    2. Chateauneuf, Alain & Cohen, Michele & Meilijson, Isaac, 2004. "Four notions of mean-preserving increase in risk, risk attitudes and applications to the rank-dependent expected utility model," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(5), pages 547-571, August.
    3. Yaari, Menahem E, 1987. "The Dual Theory of Choice under Risk," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(1), pages 95-115, January.
    4. Chateauneuf, Alain & Cohen, Michele, 1994. "Risk Seeking with Diminishing Marginal Utility in a Non-expected Utility Model," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 77-91, July.
    5. Quiggin, John, 1982. "A theory of anticipated utility," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 323-343, December.
    6. Quiggin John & Wakker Peter, 1994. "The Axiomatic Basis of Anticipated Utility: A Clarification," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 486-499, December.
    7. Allais Maurice, 1990. "Cardinal Utility," Journal des Economistes et des Etudes Humaines, De Gruyter, vol. 1(2), pages 1-38, June.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Risk aversion; Pessimism; Greediness; Rank-dependent expected utility.;

    JEL classification:

    • D81 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty
    • C60 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - General

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