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Nonpoint source pollution and two-part instruments

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  • Renan-Ulrich Goetz
  • Yolanda Martínez

Abstract

As an alternative to the existing environmental policy instruments, recent literature proposes to combine different policy instruments (two-part instruments) which have most of the properties of a first-best Pigouvian tax while minimizing the need for monitoring and enforcement. This article explores the design and applicability of a policy based on two-part instruments to control nonpoint source pollution. Applying this approach, however, leads to a moral hazard problem, since it is not only the input itself that is responsible for the pollution but also the way it is applied. The analysis determines the optimal combinations of taxes and subsidies as a function of the ability to observe the output and the applied inputs. In an empirical illustration we determine the magnitude of the taxes and subsidies to establish the socially optimal level of nitrate emissions from livestock manure for a region in northeast Spain. Copyright Springer Japan 2013

Suggested Citation

  • Renan-Ulrich Goetz & Yolanda Martínez, 2013. "Nonpoint source pollution and two-part instruments," Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, Springer;Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies - SEEPS, vol. 15(3), pages 237-258, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:envpol:v:15:y:2013:i:3:p:237-258
    DOI: 10.1007/s10018-012-0052-4
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Fullerton, Don & Wolverton, Ann, 2005. "The two-part instrument in a second-best world," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(9-10), pages 1961-1975, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. J. Walter Milon, 2019. "The polluter pays principle and Everglades restoration," Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, Springer;Association of Environmental Studies and Sciences, vol. 9(1), pages 67-81, March.
    2. Goetz, Renan & Yatsenko, Yuri & Hritonenko, Natali & Xabadia, Angels & Abdulai, Awudu, 2019. "The dynamics of productive assets, contract duration and holdup," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 24-37.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Two-part instruments; Nonpoint pollution; Moral hazard; D62; Q10; Q50; Q53;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities
    • Q10 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - General
    • Q50 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - General
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling

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