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A Half-Century of Productivity Growth and Structural Change in Canadian Agriculture: An Overview


  • Ricardo de Avillez



The primary agriculture sector in Canada experienced impressive productivity growth over the 1961-2007 period, outperforming by far productivity growth seen in the Canadian business sector as a whole. In the period in question, the agriculture sector also experienced profound structural changes, from the massive decline in the use of labour input due to mechanization, to the increased use of intermediate inputs (such as fertilizers and pesticides) in the production process. The objective of this article is to highlight some of the most important structural changes observed by Canadian agriculture over the past 50 years, and link them to the robust productivity growth in the sector.

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  • Ricardo de Avillez, 2011. "A Half-Century of Productivity Growth and Structural Change in Canadian Agriculture: An Overview," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 22, pages 82-99, Fall.
  • Handle: RePEc:sls:ipmsls:v:22:y:2011:5

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    1. Bryce Stewart & Terrence Veeman & James Unterschultz, 2009. "Crops and Livestock Productivity Growth in the Prairies: The Impacts of Technical Change and Scale," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 57(3), pages 379-394, September.
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