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Aggregate Measures of Income and Output in Canada and the United States: Implications for Productivity and Living Standards

Author

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  • Chris Ross

    ()

  • Alexander Murray

    ()

Abstract

The objectives of this article are to clarify definitions and to produce estimates of the eight aggregate measures of income and product (gross domestic product, gross domestic income, gross national product, gross national income, net domestic product, net domestic income, net national product and net national income) for Canada and the United States over the 1980-2008 period. The article also discusses the implications of the eight measures for productivity and living standards analysis. It concludes that GDP and NDP are the most appropriate measures of output for productivity analysis, while NNI is the most appropriate measure of income for the analysis of living standards because it captures the impact on real income of terms of trade changes, net income received from abroad, and the sustainability of the capital stock.

Suggested Citation

  • Chris Ross & Alexander Murray, 2010. "Aggregate Measures of Income and Output in Canada and the United States: Implications for Productivity and Living Standards," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 19, pages 20-39, Spring.
  • Handle: RePEc:sls:ipmsls:v:19:y:2010:2
    as

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    File URL: http://www.csls.ca/ipm/19/IPM-19-ross-murray.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Andrew Sharpe & Jean-Francois Arsenault, 2009. "New Estimates of Multifactor Productivity Growth for the Canadian Provinces," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 18, pages 25-37, Spring.
    2. Macdonald, Ryan, 2007. "Real GDP and the Purchasing Power of Provincial Output," Economic Analysis (EA) Research Paper Series 2007046e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    3. Jean-Francois Arsenault & Andrew Sharpe, 2008. "An Analysis of the Causes of Weak Labour Productivity Growth in Canada since 2000," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 16, pages 14-39, Spring.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Elspeth Hazell & Kar-Fai Gee & Andrew Sharpe, 2012. "The Human Development Index in Canada: Estimates for the Canadian Provincesand Territories, 2000-2011," CSLS Research Reports 2012-02, Centre for the Study of Living Standards.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    gross domestic product; gross domestic income; gross national product; gross national income; net domestic product; net domestic income; net national product; net national income; productivity; living standards;

    JEL classification:

    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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