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Economic Activity of the On-Reserve Aboriginal Identity Population in Canada: Gross Domestic Product Estimates for Indian Reserves, 2000 and 2005


  • Evguenia Tsiroulnitchenko


  • Elspeth Hazell



This report develops estimates of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for reserves in Canada by estimating total earnings for reserves and multiplying these results by the national share of total earnings in income-based GDP. Two estimation approaches are used in the analysis. The first, which is the focus of this report, is a “top-down approach” based on provincial/territorial full year, full-time and part-year/part-time employment and average earnings data for the on-reserve Aboriginal population from the 2001 and 2006 Census. Estimates are also developed using a second, “bottom-up” approach that employs community-level average earnings and employment data from the 2006 Aboriginal Population Profiles. This second approach results in the development of reserve-specific GDP estimates for those reserves which had the required data available. The most notable finding of this report is that the on-reserve Aboriginal population in Canada, despite accounting for 0.99 per cent of the general Canadian population in 2006, accounted for just 0.30 per cent of national GDP in 2005.

Suggested Citation

  • Evguenia Tsiroulnitchenko & Elspeth Hazell, 2011. "Economic Activity of the On-Reserve Aboriginal Identity Population in Canada: Gross Domestic Product Estimates for Indian Reserves, 2000 and 2005," CSLS Research Reports 2011-08, Centre for the Study of Living Standards.
  • Handle: RePEc:sls:resrep:1108

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Andrew Sharpe & Jean-François Arsenault & Fraser Cowan, 2009. "The Effect of Increasing Aboriginal Educational Attainment on the Labour Force, Output and the Fiscal Balance," CSLS Research Reports 2009-03, Centre for the Study of Living Standards.
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    More about this item


    gross domestic product (GDP); total earnings; Aboriginal; on-reserve;

    JEL classification:

    • E01 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - Measurement and Data on National Income and Product Accounts and Wealth; Environmental Accounts
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination

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