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The Vulnerability of Polish Regions to the Challenges of the Modern Economy


  • Krystyna Gawlikowska-Hueckel
  • Jacek Szlachta


The paper deals with the conditions affecting the economic growth of Poland`s regions. Research questions are initially formulated about regularities and factors contributing to the economic success of Polish regions after their market-oriented transition. Changes in the theoretical foundations of regional policy are then discussed as well as the contribution of the World Bank, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), and the European Union (EU) to the new doctrine. The global and European megatrends of recent decades - unfavorable to regions in EU member states, in part due to the 2008+ crisis - are described. The European cohesion policy, a unique solution globally to support regional development, plays a major role in the socioeconomic development of Poland`s regions. Poland is the EU`s biggest beneficiary of this policy, which is now oriented toward boosting regional competitiveness. Polish regions are steadily becoming stronger within the EU, as this paper demonstrates, with the best growth trajectories enjoyed by the strongest regions. The impact of the 2008+ recession on Polish regions was limited, largely thanks to quality public policies. This good trajectory may be hard to achieve in the future due to what is known as the middle-income trap. Therefore, adjustments have to be made in Polish regional policy and other policies to make regions less vulnerable to the volatility of socioeconomic development.

Suggested Citation

  • Krystyna Gawlikowska-Hueckel & Jacek Szlachta, 2016. "The Vulnerability of Polish Regions to the Challenges of the Modern Economy," Gospodarka Narodowa, Warsaw School of Economics, issue 4, pages 23-46.
  • Handle: RePEc:sgh:gosnar:y:2016:i:4:p:23-46

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Maria Llop & Antonio Manresa, 2007. "Analysis of Linear Multipliers in an Open Regional Economy," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(4), pages 421-428.
    2. Barry Eichengreen & Donghyun Park & Kwanho Shin, 2013. "Growth Slowdowns Redux: New Evidence on the Middle-Income Trap," NBER Working Papers 18673, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    5. John Bradley & Gerhard Untiedt & Edgar Morgenroth, 2003. "Macro-regional evaluation of the structural funds using the Hermin modelling framework," SCIENZE REGIONALI, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2003(3).
    6. François Perroux, 1950. "Economic Space: Theory and Applications," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 64(1), pages 89-104.
    7. Gianmarco I. P. Ottaviano & Diego Puga, 1998. "Agglomeration in the Global Economy: A Survey of the 'New Economic Geography'," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(6), pages 707-731, August.
    8. Jacek Zaucha & Tomasz Komornicki & Kai Böhme & Dariusz Świątek & Piotr Żuber, 2014. "Territorial Keys for Bringing Closer the Territorial Agenda of the EU and Europe 2020," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(2), pages 246-267, February.
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    1. repec:sgh:gosnar:y:2017:i:5:p:31-49 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    European cohesion policy; regional development; globalization;

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F63 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Economic Development
    • R19 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Other


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