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The Export Competitiveness Of Social Enterprises As Compared To With Export Smes


  • Macarena PEREZ-SUAREZ


Purpose – This study aims to determine the export competitiveness of the Social Economy in Andalusia, this is carried out by quantifying the export competitiveness of the internationalized enterprises of the Social Economy in the export sector of the region. Design/methodology/approach – The strengths and weaknesses of this business sector are quantified and the Rasch´s Probability. It is a model used to measure the latent variable called export competitiveness, which is defined by items (factors): size, cooperation, number of target markets, competitive advantages, years abroad and percentage of sales abroad. The article provides empirical evidence of 362 Andalusian export enterprises. Findings – The results show that the export competitiveness of social enterprises reflected their strengths as compared with other SMEs. Originality/value – This concept paper empirically combines two different fields of knowledge (design and behavior of companies) in the construction of the foreign trade. This work standardizes the treatment of two descriptors scarcely discussed in the literature: Social Enterprises and Export.

Suggested Citation

  • Arturo GUTIERREZ FERNANDEZ & Macarena PEREZ-SUAREZ, 2017. "The Export Competitiveness Of Social Enterprises As Compared To With Export Smes," Revista Galega de Economía, University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business., vol. 26(1), pages 55-72.
  • Handle: RePEc:sdo:regaec:v:26:y:2017:i:1_5

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bobillo, Alfredo M. & López-Iturriaga, Felix & Tejerina-Gaite, Fernando, 2010. "Firm performance and international diversification: The internal and external competitive advantages," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 19(6), pages 607-618, December.
    2. Patrycja Klimas, 2015. "Organisational innovativeness: its level, building blocks and relationships with interorganisational cooperation inside innovation networks," International Journal of Business Environment, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 7(4), pages 373-395.
    3. Man, Thomas W. Y. & Lau, Theresa & Chan, K. F., 2002. "The competitiveness of small and medium enterprises: A conceptualization with focus on entrepreneurial competencies," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 123-142, March.
    4. Lucas FERRERO & Carlos Matías HISGEN, 2014. "Determinants of exports intensity of industrial SMEs in Argentina," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 14(2).
    5. Knight, Gary A., 2001. "Entrepreneurship and strategy in the international SME," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 7(3), pages 155-171.
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    More about this item


    Competitiveness; Strength; Weakness; Internationalization; Cooperatives; Rasch model.;

    JEL classification:

    • D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory
    • L20 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - General
    • M16 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - International Business Administration
    • P13 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Cooperative Enterprises


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