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Бедность населения и неравенство стран: проблемы развития государств СНГ и ЕАЭС // Poverty of Population and Inequality of Countries: Development Problems of CIS and EAEU States


  • Alexander Tkachenko A.

    (Financial University)

  • А. Ткаченко А.

    (Финансовый университет)


The paper analyzes the differentiation of the CIS countries according to various criteria: the rate of population growth in 2000-2010, the poverty rate measured by the national poverty line and according to the World Bank’s criterion as the minimum daily amount for 1 person as well as wages in comparable units. Different trends in the CIS population dynamics and the growth of total fertility indices in the XXI century in the countries of Central Asia were revealed. The paper shows the importance of Amartya Sen’s works and his concept of development for the preparation of reports of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) with aggregated human development indices that were used for analysis in the paper. The conclusion is made about the danger of a slowdown in the growth of education years in the majority of CIS countries in the forecast period or even its cessation. It is noted that for the past eight years only three CIS countries improved their position in the Human Development Index rating while the rest worsened it despite the growth of the index itself. The opinion was expressed that the UNDP multidimensional poverty index is not informative for countries with a relatively high level of development and little deprivation, such as Belarus, Ukraine, Armenia Рассмотрена дифференциация стран СНГ по различным признакам: темпам роста населения в 2000-2010-е гг., уровню бедности, измеряемой по национальной черте бедности и согласно критерию Всемирного банка как минимальная суточная сумма на 1 человека, размеру заработной платы в сопоставимых единицах, выявлены различный тренд в динамике населения стран СНГ и рост показателей суммарной рождаемости в xxi в. в странах Центральной Азии. Показана важность трудов А. Сена и его концепции развития для подготовки докладов Программы развития ООН (ПРООН) с агрегированными показателями развития человека, которые используются для анализа в статье. Сделан вывод об опасности замедления прироста лет образования в большинстве стран Содружества в прогнозируемый период или даже его остановка, отмечено, что за последние восемь лет только три страны СНГ улучшили свое положение в рейтинге Индекса человеческого развития, а остальные ухудшили, несмотря на рост самого индекса. Выражено мнение, что индекс многомерной бедности ПРООН не информативен для стран с относительно высоким уровнем развития и незначительной депривацией, таких как Беларусь, Украина, Армения.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexander Tkachenko A. & А. Ткаченко А., 2017. "Бедность населения и неравенство стран: проблемы развития государств СНГ и ЕАЭС // Poverty of Population and Inequality of Countries: Development Problems of CIS and EAEU States," Экономика. Налоги. Право // Economics, taxes & law, ФГОБУ "Финансовый университет при Правительстве Российской Федерации" // Financial University under The Government of Russian Federation, vol. 10(4), pages 14-23.
  • Handle: RePEc:scn:econom:y:2017:i:4:p:14-23

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sudhir Anand and Amartya Sen, 1995. "Gender Inequality in Human Development: Theories and Measurement," Human Development Occasional Papers (1992-2007) HDOCPA-1995-01, Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
    2. Ronald Lee & Andrew Mason (ed.), 2011. "Population Aging and the Generational Economy," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 13816.
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