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Wage Differentials: Trade Openness and Wage Bargaining

Listed author(s):
  • Gonzaga, Gustavo
  • Terra, Cristina
  • Muriel Hernandez, Beatriz

We build a theoretical model that incorporates unionization in thelabor market into a Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson (HOS) framework to in-vestigate the impact of unionization on the Stolper-Samuelson Theorem.To capture the American economy case, we assume that unskilled labor inthe manufactured goods sector is unionized, and that sector is intensivein skilled labor, and that trade liberalization increases the relative priceof manufactured goods. In the HOS model, trade liberalization inducesa reallocation of production towards the sector that uses intensively thecountry's most abundant factor. The resulting change in relative labor de-mand impacts wage bargaining in the unionized sector, which, in turn, hasa dampening eect on the Stolper-Samuelson eect. Moreover, wages ofunionized workers are even less responsive to trade liberalization. Throughtraditional mandated-wages regressions, we show that skilled-wage dier-entials changes were less pronounced among more unionized sectors in theU.S. economy for the 1979-1990 period.

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File URL: http://bibliotecadigital.fgv.br/ojs/index.php/bre/article/view/20485
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Article provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Econometria - SBE in its journal Brazilian Review of Econometrics.

Volume (Year): 34 (2014)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:sbe:breart:v:34:y:2014:i:1:a:20485
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  1. Lawrence F. Katz & Kevin M. Murphy, 1992. "Changes in Relative Wages, 1963–1987: Supply and Demand Factors," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 107(1), pages 35-78.
  2. Layard, Richard & Nickell, Stephen & Jackman, Richard, 2005. "Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199279173.
  3. Krugman, Paul, 1980. "Scale Economies, Product Differentiation, and the Pattern of Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(5), pages 950-959, December.
  4. Ian M. McDonald & Robert M. Solow, 1985. "Wages and Employment in a Segmented Labor Market," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 100(4), pages 1115-1141.
  5. Jonathan E. Haskel & Matthew J. Slaughter, 2003. "Have Falling Tariffs and Transportation Costs Raised US Wage Inequality?," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(4), pages 630-650, 09.
  6. Sucharita Ghosh & Steven Yamarik, 2007. "International Trade, Technology, and the Wage Gap: Evidence from Granger-causality Tests," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(2), pages 321-346, 05.
  7. Nathalie Chusseau & Michel Dumont & Joël Hellier, 2008. "Explaining Rising Inequality: Skill-Biased Technical Change And North-South Trade ," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(3), pages 409-457, 07.
  8. Daron Acemoglu, 2002. "Technical Change, Inequality, and the Labor Market," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 40(1), pages 7-72, March.
  9. Eliza, Nor & M., Azali & Law, Siong-Hook & Lee, Chin, 2008. "Demand For International Reserves in ASEAN-5 Economies," MPRA Paper 11735, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  10. Jonathan Haskel & Robert Z. Lawrence & Edward E. Leamer & Matthew J. Slaughter, 2012. "Globalization and U.S. Wages: Modifying Classic Theory to Explain Recent Facts," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 26(2), pages 119-140, Spring.
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