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Structural Analysis of How Urban Form Impacts Travel Demand: Evidence from Taipei


  • Jen-Jia Lin

    (Graduate Institute of Urban Planning, National Taipei University, 69, Sec. 2 Jianguo N. Road, Taipei City, Taiwan 104, Republic of China,

  • An-Tsei Yang

    (5F, No. 7, Alley 4, Lane 200, Jing-an Rd, Jhonghe City, Taipei County, Taiwan 235, Republic of China,


This study empirically examines the connections between urban form and travel demand at the aggregate level using traffic analysis zone data from Taipei, Taiwan, for the year 2000. Nine latent variables and 26 observed variables were analysed using structural equation modelling. By clarifying the direct and indirect effects, the empirical evidence indicates that density is positively related to trip generation and negatively associated with private mode split; mixed land use reduces trip generation and indirectly increases private mode split and a pedestrian-friendly built environment significantly reduces private mode split. Empirical evidence indicates that land use density, diversity and design affect travel demand in urban areas both directly and indirectly.

Suggested Citation

  • Jen-Jia Lin & An-Tsei Yang, 2009. "Structural Analysis of How Urban Form Impacts Travel Demand: Evidence from Taipei," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 46(9), pages 1951-1967, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:urbstu:v:46:y:2009:i:9:p:1951-1967

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    1. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:6:p:1838-:d:150239 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Morton O’Kelly & Michael Niedzielski & Justin Gleeson, 2012. "Spatial interaction models from Irish commuting data: variations in trip length by occupation and gender," Journal of Geographical Systems, Springer, vol. 14(4), pages 357-387, October.
    3. Lin, Jen-Jia & Yu, Tzu-Pen, 2011. "Built environment effects on leisure travel for children: Trip generation and travel mode," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 246-258, January.
    4. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2017:i:1:p:19-:d:123917 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Pouyanne, Guillaume, 2010. "Urban form and daily mobility. Methodological aspects and empirical study in the case of Bordeaux," European Transport \ Trasporti Europei, ISTIEE, Institute for the Study of Transport within the European Economic Integration, issue 44, pages 76-95.

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