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Commuting in Restructuring Urban Regions


  • William A. V. Clark

    (Department of Geagraphy, University of California at Los Angeles, 1255 Bunche Hall, 405 Hilgard Avenue, Los Angeles, California 90024-1524, USA)

  • Marianne Kuijpers-Linde

    (Rijksinstitut Volksgezondheiten Milieuhygiëne. Bilthoven, The Netherlands)


A critical aspect of understanding changing urban structures in the late 20th century revolves around changes in urban transport generally and commuting specifically. How will the continuing deconcentration of large urban areas affect the links between work and residence and how will the changing spatial arrangements of large urban areas affect congestion and in turn the form of the 'new' urban region? The debates about future spatial forms are examined within the context of a case-study of the Randstad and the Southern Californian urban region. The tentative conclusions of the empirical analysis point to a strengthening of policentric structures. At the same time, increasing affluence, greater dependence on the automobile (even in the Netherlands) will in the short term at least, increase congestion. Thus the commuting paradox, shorter commutes but increasing congestion, is a function of urban spatial restructuring and the preference for the private car.

Suggested Citation

  • William A. V. Clark & Marianne Kuijpers-Linde, 1994. "Commuting in Restructuring Urban Regions," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 31(3), pages 465-483, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:urbstu:v:31:y:1994:i:3:p:465-483

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    Cited by:

    1. Lambert van der Laan, 1998. "Commuting in multinodal urban systems: An empirical comparison of three alternative models," ERSA conference papers ersa98p252, European Regional Science Association.
    2. Bumsoo Lee, 2006. "'Edge' or 'Edgeless Cities'? Urban Spatial Structure in US Metropolitan Areas, 1980 to 2000," Working Paper 8574, USC Lusk Center for Real Estate.
    3. Small, Kenneth A. & Gomez-Ilbanez, Jose A., 1998. "Road Pricing for Congestion Management: The Transition from Theory to Policy," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt8kk909p1, University of California Transportation Center.
    4. Garmendia, M. & Ureña, J.M. & Coronado, J.M., 2011. "Long-distance trips in a sparsely populated region: The impact of high-speed infrastructures," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 537-551.
    5. Hu, Lingqian & Schneider, Robert J., 2017. "Different ways to get to the same workplace: How does workplace location relate to commuting by different income groups?," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 106-115.
    6. Xiaoyan Li & Yanchuan Mou & Huiying Wang & Chaohui Yin & Qingsong He, 2018. "How Does Polycentric Urban Form Affect Urban Commuting? Quantitative Measurement Using Geographical Big Data of 100 Cities in China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(12), pages 1-14, December.
    7. Paolo Veneri, 2018. "Urban spatial structure in OECD cities: Is urban population decentralising or clustering?," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 97(4), pages 1355-1374, November.
    8. Buehler, Ralph, 2011. "Determinants of transport mode choice: a comparison of Germany and the USA," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 644-657.
    9. Martínez Sánchez-Mateos, Héctor S. & Sanz, Inmaculada Mohíno & Francés, José Mª Ureña & Trapero, Eloy Solís, 2014. "Road accessibility and articulation of metropolitan spatial structures: the case of Madrid (Spain)," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 61-73.
    10. Ghebreegziabiher Debrezion & Eric Pels & Piet Rietveld, 2004. "The Effects of Railway Investments in a Polycentric City," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 04-089/3, Tinbergen Institute.
    11. Patuelli, Roberto & Reggiani, Aura & Nijkamp, Peter & Bade, Franz-Josef, 2010. "The evolution of the commuting network in Germany: Spatial and connectivity patterns," The Journal of Transport and Land Use, Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota, vol. 2(3), pages 5-37.
    12. Robbert Zandvliet & Martin Dijst, 2005. "Breaking Down the Daily Use of Places - A Space-Time Typology of Temporary Populations in the Netherlands," ERSA conference papers ersa05p203, European Regional Science Association.

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