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Breaking Down the Daily Use of Places - A Space-Time Typology of Temporary Populations in the Netherlands

  • Robbert Zandvliet

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  • Martin Dijst

    ()

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    In a network society, spurred on by technological, social, and economic factors, the process of land use deconcentration has resulted in various new urban forms such as edge cities and edgeless cities. While the consequences of this process for the distribution of the residential population and travel patterns have been extensively described and analyzed, there has as yet been little investigation of its effect on visitors’ use of places. The aim of this study is to develop a typology of urban, suburban, and rural municipalities located in monocentric and polycentric urban systems on the basis of dimensions of diurnal weekday variations in visitor populations. The dimensions used in this study have been derived from the 1998 Netherlands National Travel Survey. A two-step cluster analysis resulted in five types of municipality: ‘central place’, ‘contemporary node’, ‘self-contained’, ‘mobile children’, and ‘local children’. The results reveal that, compared with monocentric urban systems, settlements in polycentric urban systems are more networked; that is, suburbs in these systems are capable of attracting a substantial share of working visitors who have their residence in the core city (‘contemporary node’) and school children from other suburban and central city communities (‘mobile children’). Outside the urban systems the ‘self-contained’ type, which contains people at work, learning, and in recreation locally and lacks the inflow of visitors from outside, is over represented.

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    File URL: http://www-sre.wu-wien.ac.at/ersa/ersaconfs/ersa05/papers/203.pdf
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    Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa05p203.

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    Date of creation: Aug 2005
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    Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa05p203
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    1. M F Goodchild & D G Janelle, 1984. "The city around the clock: space - time patterns of urban ecological structure," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 16(6), pages 807-820, June.
    2. Michael Batty, 2002. "Thinking about cities as spatial events," Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 29(1), pages 1-2, January.
    3. David Levinson & Ajay Kumar, 1994. "The Rational Locator: Why Travel Times Have Remained Stable," Working Papers 199402, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
    4. Camagni, Roberto & Gibelli, Maria Cristina & Rigamonti, Paolo, 2002. "Urban mobility and urban form: the social and environmental costs of different patterns of urban expansion," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 199-216, February.
    5. Lambert van der Laan, 1998. "Changing Urban Systems: An Empirical Analysis at Two Spatial Levels," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(3), pages 235-247.
    6. Simin Davoudi, 2003. "EUROPEAN BRIEFING: Polycentricity in European spatial planning: from an analytical tool to a normative agenda," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(8), pages 979-999, December.
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