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All Credit to Men? Entrepreneurship, Finance, and Gender


  • Susan Marlow
  • Dean Patton


Availability of, and access to finance is a critical element to the start–up and consequent performance of any enterprise. Hence, any barriers or impediments to accessing appropriate levels or sources of funding will have an enduring and negative impact upon the performance of affected firms. Although findings have been somewhat inconsistent, there is support for the notion that women entrepreneurs entering self–employment are disadvantaged by their gender. This argument is evaluated through a theoretical analysis of gender using the example of accessing both formal and informal sources of business funding to illustrate how this concept impacts upon women in self–employment.

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  • Susan Marlow & Dean Patton, 2005. "All Credit to Men? Entrepreneurship, Finance, and Gender," Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, , vol. 29(6), pages 717-735, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:entthe:v:29:y:2005:i:6:p:717-735
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-6520.2005.00105.x

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Barbara Bird & Candida Brush, 2002. "A Gendered Perspective on Organizational Creation," Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, , vol. 26(3), pages 41-65, April.
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    5. Paula Kantor, 2002. "Gender, Microenterprise Success and Cultural Context: The Case of South Asia," Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, , vol. 26(4), pages 131-143, July.
    6. Fay, Michael & Williams, Lesley, 1993. "Gender bias and the availability of business loans," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 8(4), pages 363-376, July.
    7. Fischer, Eileen M. & Reuber, A. Rebecca & Dyke, Lorraine S., 1993. "A theoretical overview and extension of research on sex, gender, and entrepreneurship," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 151-168, March.
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