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Closing the Gender Gap? Life Competences and Social Environment

Author

Listed:
  • Michela Braga

    () (University of Milan)

  • Daniele Checchi

    () (University of Milan)

Abstract

This paper investigates whether adult proficiency formation is affected by social environments. Using the Italian sample of the ALL survey conducted in 2003, which includes cohorts born between 1938 and 1988, we exploit temporal and regional variations in indicators of women empowerment to assess whether more progressive environments favour the reduction dynamics of the gender gap. Results suggest that environmental factors matter but they do not have a gender differential effect. Adult proficiency is higher for individuals grown in more progressive societies in terms of female labour market participation, women political empowerment, female sexual emancipation and laity.

Suggested Citation

  • Michela Braga & Daniele Checchi, 2008. "Closing the Gender Gap? Life Competences and Social Environment," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, vol. 98(5), pages 155-198, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:rpo:ripoec:v:98:y:2008:i:5:p:155-198
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:poleco:v:49:y:2017:i:c:p:24-46 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Bertocchi, Graziella & Bozzano, Monica, 2016. "Women, medieval commerce, and the education gender gap," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(3), pages 496-521.
    3. Bozzano, Monica, 2017. "On the historical roots of women's empowerment across Italian provinces: religion or family culture?," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 24-46.
    4. Monica Bozzano, 2015. "On the Historical Roots of Women’s Empowerment across Italian Provinces: Religion or Family Culture?," Department of Economics 0052, University of Modena and Reggio E., Faculty of Economics "Marco Biagi".

    More about this item

    Keywords

    adult proficiency; gender gap; social norms;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education

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