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Balance Sheet of a Central Bank – A Source of Information about the Economic Position of a Country. A Comparative Study of USA and China

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  • Rumiana GÓRSKA

    () (Warsaw School of Management and Finance, Poland)

Abstract

The objective of the paper is to present the results of a comparative analysis of the balance sheets of the central banks of USA and China in order to investigate how they reflect the changes in the international positions of these countries on the world economic scene after 2000. The growth of a country’s GDP is usually accompanied by an increase in the monetary base (and consequently the monetary aggregates), but there are also other factors determining the changes in a central bank’s balance sheet. The study presented in the paper contains two steps. First, the collateral of money issue in USA and China during the period 2000-2012 is compared. The main collateral of money issue in USA are U.S. Treasury securities, but after 2008 also mortgage-backed securities. The main collateral of money issue in China are foreign assets. Second step of the study is a comparison of the international position of these countries. The presented analysis confirms that the collateral of money issue in USA is debt, which reflects the position of USA as a world debtor. The collateral of money issue in China are foreign assets, mainly foreign currencies, which reflects the role of China as a world exporter and creditor.

Suggested Citation

  • Rumiana GÓRSKA, 2014. "Balance Sheet of a Central Bank – A Source of Information about the Economic Position of a Country. A Comparative Study of USA and China," REVISTA DE MANAGEMENT COMPARAT INTERNATIONAL/REVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL COMPARATIVE MANAGEMENT, Faculty of Management, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 15(4), pages 497-504, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:rom:rmcimn:v:15:y:2014:i:4:p:497-504
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gunther Schnabl & Franziska Schobert, 2009. "Global Asymmetries In Monetary Policy Operations: Debtor Central Banks Of The Mena Region," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 77(s1), pages 85-107, September.
    2. Ronald McKinnon & Gunther Schnabl, 2004. "The East Asian Dollar Standard, Fear of Floating, and Original Sin," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 8(3), pages 331-360, August.
    3. Philipp Bagus & Markus H. Schiml, 2009. "New Modes Of Monetary Policy: Qualitative Easing By The Fed," Economic Affairs, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(2), pages 46-49, June.
    4. Zhuo Tan & Shenggang Yang, 2012. "Neutralization in China: evidence from the balance sheet of the People’s Bank of China," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(1), pages 25-31, March.
    5. Philipp Bagus & David Howden, 2009. ""Qualitative" Easing In Support Of A Tumbling Financial System: A Look At The Eurosystem'S Recent Balance Sheet Policies," Economic Affairs, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(4), pages 60-65, December.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    central bank’s balance sheet; net export; international investment position; fiat money.;

    JEL classification:

    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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