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The Competitive Effects of Mergers: Stock Market Evidence from the U.S. Steel Dissolution Suit

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  • George L. Mullin
  • Joseph C. Mullin
  • Wallace P. Mullin

Abstract

We apply and extend the Eckbo-Stillman event-study methodology to investigate the competitive effects of the U.S. Steel consolidation. In contrast to previous event studies, we examine the stock market reactions of downstream firms, thereby enabling us to estimate the net effect of a merger or antitrust action on product market prices. Specifically, we examine the stock market reactions of U.S. Steel, major steel industry rivals, and downstream customers to events from the unsuccessful dissolution suits begun in 1911 and decided in 1920. The pattern of reactions implies that the dissolution of U.S. Steel would have lowered steel prices and raised output.

Suggested Citation

  • George L. Mullin & Joseph C. Mullin & Wallace P. Mullin, 1995. "The Competitive Effects of Mergers: Stock Market Evidence from the U.S. Steel Dissolution Suit," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 26(2), pages 314-330, Summer.
  • Handle: RePEc:rje:randje:v:26:y:1995:i:summer:p:314-330
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    Cited by:

    1. Tomaso Duso & Damien J. Neven & Lars-Hendrik Röller, 2007. "The Political Economy of European Merger Control: Evidence using Stock Market Data," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 50, pages 455-489.
    2. Huh, Kwang-Sook, 2015. "The performances of acquired firms in the steel industry: Do financial institutions cause bubbles?," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 143-153.
    3. Krolikowski, Marcin W. & Adhikari, Hari P. & Malm, James & Sah, Nilesh B., 2017. "Inter-firm linkages and M&A returns," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 135-146.
    4. repec:eee:ecanpo:v:54:y:2017:i:c:p:26-48 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. William N. Evans & Jeanne S. Ringel & Diana Stech, 1999. "Tobacco Taxes and Public Policy to Discourage Smoking," NBER Chapters,in: Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 13, pages 1-56 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Bittlingmayer, George & Hazlett, Thomas W., 2000. "DOS Kapital: Has antitrust action against Microsoft created value in the computer industry?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(3), pages 329-359, March.
    7. Ellison, Sara Fisher & Mullin, Wallace P, 1995. "Economics and Politics: The Case of Sugar Tariff Reform," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 38(2), pages 335-366, October.
    8. Svetlana B. Avdasheva & Dina V. Tsytsulina, 2014. "The Effects Of Competition Policy: Merger Approval, Entry Barrier Removal, Antitrust Enforcement Compared," HSE Working papers WP BRP 34/FE/2014, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
    9. Günster, Andrea & van Dijk, Mathijs, 2016. "The impact of European antitrust policy: Evidence from the stock market," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 20-33.
    10. Avdasheva, Svetlana & Tsytsulina, Dina, 2015. "The effects of M&As in highly concentrated domestic vis-à-vis export markets: By the example of Russian metal industries," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 368-382.
    11. repec:oup:jcomle:v:11:y:2015:i:1:p:23-67. is not listed on IDEAS

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