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Equip the warrior instead of manning the equipment: Land use and transport planning support in the Netherlands


  • te Brommelstroet, Marco

    () (University of Amsterdam)


This paper assesses the embedding of land use and transport instruments—Planning Support Systems (PSS), models and tools—in Dutch planning practice, in order to shed light on how planning practitioners perceive these instruments and to ascertain the reasons and manner of their (lack of) utilization. These insights provide much-needed input to improve support instruments for integrated land use and transport planning, particularly during early planning phases and on the regional level. The research adds to the emerging literature on PSS. It builds on general insights into bottlenecks that block the use of PSS in practice, and employs a user-oriented approach to gain more insight into how users perceive these bottlenecks and how they relate to specific land use and transport PSS. Much of the existing research geared toward improving these instruments has a technical focus on adjusting the intrinsic workings of the instruments themselves. However, the way in which they are embedded in planning practice has remained largely ignored and poorly understood. Based on data from a web-based survey administered to land use and transport practitioners in the spring of 2007, this paper describes how LUT instruments are embedded in planning practice and how they are perceived by the planning actors in land use and transport planning. The findings suggest that a technical focus is insufficient to improve the implementation of these instruments. The key bottlenecks, identified by the survey, actually are centered on "softer issues," such as lack of transparency and poor connections to the planning process. The closing analysis and discussion offer some potential remedies for these shortcomings.

Suggested Citation

  • te Brommelstroet, Marco, 2010. "Equip the warrior instead of manning the equipment: Land use and transport planning support in the Netherlands," The Journal of Transport and Land Use, Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota, vol. 3(1), pages 25-41.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:jtralu:0035

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Eran Ben-Elia & Daniel Shefer & Yoram Shiftan, 2003. "Transportation Impact Statement (TIS)—A New Tool for Transportation and Land-Use Planning," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 35(12), pages 2177-2190, December.
    2. te Brömmelstroet, Marco & Bertolini, Luca, 2008. "Developing land use and transport PSS: Meaningful information through a dialogue between modelers and planners," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 251-259, July.
    3. Karst T Geurs & Bert van Wee & Piet Rietveld, 2006. "Accessibility appraisal of integrated land-use – transport strategies: methodology and case study for the Netherlands Randstad area," Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 33(5), pages 639-660, September.
    4. Richard Willson, 2001. "Assessing communicative rationality as a transportation planning paradigm," Transportation, Springer, vol. 28(1), pages 1-31, February.
    5. Marco Te Brömmelstroet & Pieter M Schrijnen, 2010. "From Planning Support Systems to Mediated Planning Support: A Structured Dialogue to Overcome the Implementation Gap," Environment and Planning B, , vol. 37(1), pages 3-20, February.
    6. Bertolini, L. & le Clercq, F. & Kapoen, L., 2005. "Sustainable accessibility: a conceptual framework to integrate transport and land use plan-making. Two test-applications in the Netherlands and a reflection on the way forward," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 207-220, May.
    7. Marco Te Brömmelstroet & Pieter M Schrijnen, 2010. "From planning support systems to mediated planning support: a structured dialogue to overcome the implementation gap," Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 37(1), pages 3-20, January.
    8. Helen Couclelis, 2005. "“Where has the future gone?'' Rethinking the role of integrated land-use models in spatial planning," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 37(8), pages 1353-1371, August.
    9. Guido Vonk & Stan Geertman & Paul Schot, 2005. "Bottlenecks blocking widespread usage of planning support systems," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 37(5), pages 909-924, May.
    10. Stan Geertman, 2006. "Potentials for planning support: a planning-conceptual approach," Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 33(6), pages 863-880, November.
    11. Eran Ben-Elia & Daniel Shefer & Yoram Shiftan, 2003. "Transportation impact statement (TIS) -- a new tool for transportation and land-use planning," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 35(12), pages 2177-2190, December.
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    More about this item


    Planning Support Systems; Land use and transport integration; models; planning practice; user orientation;

    JEL classification:

    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General


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