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Delocation in the manufacturing sectors in the EU. A regional overview


  • Álvarez López , M.ª Elisa

    () (Universidad de Valladolid)

  • Myro Sánchez, Rafael

    () (Universidad Complutense de Madrid)

  • Vega Crespo, Josefa

    () (Universidad de Valladolid)


The question of delocation in main industrial regions across the EUis approached here, and its effects on job losses estimated. Seventy five regions areselected following the double criteria of size of the manufacturing industries andhigh per capita income levels. Delocation affected half of them in the period 2000-2005 when competition in the international markets rose and is of higher intensityin most of the British, French and Italian regions although its aggregate effect onemployment seems to have been offset by growth in the other sectors. On the otherhand, regions located in the continental area with more market potential have thehighest concentration of location effects. Therefore delocation has changed thelocation of European manufacturing industry, benefitting those latter regions andperhaps bringing higher spatial concentration.

Suggested Citation

  • Álvarez López , M.ª Elisa & Myro Sánchez, Rafael & Vega Crespo, Josefa, 2012. "Delocation in the manufacturing sectors in the EU. A regional overview," INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 22, pages 5-34.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:invreg:0018

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Pol Antras & Elhanan Helpman, 2004. "Global Sourcing," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 112(3), pages 552-580, June.
    2. repec:hrv:faseco:4784029 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Jagdish Bhagwati & Arvind Panagariya, 2004. "The Muddles over Outsourcing," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 18(4), pages 93-114, Fall.
    4. Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Overman, Henry G., 2004. "The spatial distribution of economic activities in the European Union," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics,in: J. V. Henderson & J. F. Thisse (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 64, pages 2845-2909 Elsevier.
    5. Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Overman, Henry G, 2003. "The Spatial Distribution of Economic Activities in the EU," CEPR Discussion Papers 3999, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Richard E. Baldwin & Frederic Robert-Nicoud, 2000. "Free trade agreements without delocation," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 33(3), pages 766-786, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Carolina Hintzmann, 2015. "An Analysis of Differences in Labour Productivity in Manufacturing. Displaying the Need for a Resurgence of Industrial Policy: Spain vs Germany, 1993-2007," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 212(1), pages 97-126, March.

    More about this item


    manufacturing industry; delocation; regions; European Union;

    JEL classification:

    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • R30 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - General


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