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Analysis of people territorial distribution in regions of the Volga Federal District on the base of Zipf and Gibrat laws


  • Andreev, Vsevolod

    () (Chuvash State University, Cheboksary, Russian Federation)

  • Lukiyanova, Violetta

    () (Chuvash State University, Cheboksary, Russian Federation)

  • Kadyshev, Evgenii

    () (Chuvash State University, Cheboksary, Russian Federation)


Test of Gibrat and Zipf laws, performed on the base of All-Russian Population Census of 2010 data, have shown that in the Volga Federal District regions the people territorial distribution does not conform to these laws. In all regions significant distortion in people territorial distribution is observed and a significant part of them lives in capitals, and also the half of regions population lives in several large cities (from 1 to 10). At the same time, there is no significant people movement from one region to another.

Suggested Citation

  • Andreev, Vsevolod & Lukiyanova, Violetta & Kadyshev, Evgenii, 2017. "Analysis of people territorial distribution in regions of the Volga Federal District on the base of Zipf and Gibrat laws," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 48, pages 97-121.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:apltrx:0333

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Havlin, Shlomo, 1995. "The distance between Zipf plots," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 216(1), pages 148-150.
    2. Jan Eeckhout, 2004. "Gibrat's Law for (All) Cities," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(5), pages 1429-1451, December.
    3. Svetlana RASTVORTSEVA & Inna MANAEVA, 2016. "Zipf’S Law Appearance In The Russian Cities," Regional Science Inquiry, Hellenic Association of Regional Scientists, vol. 0(1), pages 51-59, June.
    4. Хавинсон Михаил Юрьевич & Кулаков Матвей Павлович & Мищук Светлана Николаевна, 2013. "Прогнозирование Динамики Внешней Трудовой Миграции На Региональном Уровне," Studies on Russian Economic Development Проблемы прогнозирования, CyberLeninka;Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение науки Институт народнохозяйственного прогнозирования Российской академии наук, issue 2, pages 99-111.
    5. Hernán D. Rozenfeld & Diego Rybski & Xavier Gabaix & Hernán A. Makse, 2011. "The Area and Population of Cities: New Insights from a Different Perspective on Cities," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 101(5), pages 2205-2225, August.
    6. Zélia Serrasqueiro & Paulo Maçãs Nunes & João Leitão & Manuel Armada, 2010. "Are there non-linearities between SME growth and its determinants? A quantile approach," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(4), pages 1071-1108, August.
    7. Moshe Levy, 2009. "Gibrat's Law for (All) Cities: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 99(4), pages 1672-1675, September.
    8. Xavier Gabaix, 1999. "Zipf's Law for Cities: An Explanation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 114(3), pages 739-767.
    9. Jan Eeckhout, 2009. "Gibrat's Law for (All) Cities: Reply," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 99(4), pages 1676-1683, September.
    10. Huan Li & Yehua Dennis Wei & Yuemin Ning, 2016. "Spatial and Temporal Evolution of Urban Systems in China during Rapid Urbanization," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(7), pages 1-17, July.
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    More about this item


    Gibrats law; Zipfs law; population migration; moving factors of population mobility; imbalance of people territorial distribution;

    JEL classification:

    • C10 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - General
    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy


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