IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

La politique monétaire canadienne : entre l’arbre, l’écorce et la forêt

Listed author(s):
  • Racette, Daniel

    (Institut d’économie appliquée, École des Hautes Études Commerciales)

  • Raynauld, Jacques

    (Institut d’économie appliquée, École des Hautes Études Commerciales)

Registered author(s):

    Starting in 1988, the Bank of Canada has adopted price stability as its sole long-run objective. In this paper, we critically assess the policy actions effectively undertaken in light of this objective. Instead of using the so-called monetary conditions (interest rates and the exchange rate), we base our analysis on the movements of indicators closely related to true policy actions. Our results show a clear dichotomy between the long-run objective and the short-run policy actions. For example, while some policy analysts have identified a restrictive monetary stance in 1989, we detect rather expansionnist or at best neutral policy actions. We argue that the Bank of Canada's delay in meeting its long-run objective can be attributed to the discretionary framework under which its policy is conducted. This may undermine in the long run the Bank's credibility in its fight against inflation. Depuis quelques années, la Banque du Canada a adopté un objectif ferme de stabilité des prix. Dans ce texte, nous caractérisons les gestes de politique véritablement posés par la Banque en regard de son objectif. Contrairement aux analyses habituelles qui se concentrent sur l’évolution des conditions sur les marchés financiers et de change, nous insistons sur des indicateurs systématiquement liés aux actions de la politique monétaire. Nos résultats indiquent une forme d’antinomie entre l’objectif de long terme et les actions posées dans une perspective de court terme. Par exemple, alors que plusieurs observateurs ont qualifié la politique de très restrictive en 1989, nous décelons plutôt une prédominance de gestes expansionnistes ou, au mieux, neutres. Ces contradictions entre les gestes posés dans un cadre discrétionnaire, les déclarations de la Banque et son objectif de long terme peuvent, à la longue, entacher la crédibilité de la Banque et ainsi être responsables des retards dans l’atteinte de l’objectif de stabilité des prix.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

    Volume (Year): 67 (1991)
    Issue (Month): 3 (septembre)
    Pages: 381-399

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:67:y:1991:i:3:p:381-399
    Contact details of provider: Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

    in new window

    1. Mccallum, Bennet T., 1988. "Robustness properties of a rule for monetary policy," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 173-203, January.
    2. Mankiw, N Gregory, 1990. "A Quick Refresher Course in Macroeconomics," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 28(4), pages 1645-1660, December.
    3. Kydland, Finn E & Prescott, Edward C, 1977. "Rules Rather Than Discretion: The Inconsistency of Optimal Plans," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 85(3), pages 473-491, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:67:y:1991:i:3:p:381-399. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Bruce Shearer)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.