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The Effects of Bank Distress on The Nigerian Economy


  • Felix Ademola Adeyefa

    (Postgraduate Student, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba Akoko, Ondo State)

  • Marshal Tomola Obamuyi

    (Proffessor, Department of Banking & Finance, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria)

  • Olawale Femi Kayode

    (Lecturer, Department of Banking and Finance, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria)

  • Owoputi,James Ayodele

    (Principal Lecturer, Department of Banking and Finance, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria)


Bank distress poses threats to financial intermediation process with serious detrimental effect on the economy. Despite all attempts made by the supervisory authorities, the problem appears to defy already established approach and the menace still continues to resurface. Hence, the need to investigate the effects of bank distress on the Nigerian economy. The cointegration and error correction mechanism were used to test the data which covers a period of thirty-one (31) years from 1982 to 2012. The research findings revealed that the ratio of non-performing loans to total loans, and total loans and advances have significant negative effect on economic growth with p-values of 0.0240 and 0.0445 respectively. Also, total bank deposit and cash reserve ratio have significant positive effect on economic growth with p-values of 0.0020 and 0.0374 respectively. The implication of this result is that the Nigerian economy is significantly affected by bank distress. The paper suggests that careful evaluation of loan proposals should always be carried out by banks to determine the viability of the projects and the repayment of the principal sum and its interest ensured to prevent weak asset quality.

Suggested Citation

  • Felix Ademola Adeyefa & Marshal Tomola Obamuyi & Olawale Femi Kayode & Owoputi,James Ayodele, 2015. "The Effects of Bank Distress on The Nigerian Economy," International Journal of Finance & Banking Studies, Center for the Strategic Studies in Business and Finance, vol. 4(3), pages 57-68, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbs:ijfbss:v:4:y:2015:i:3:p:57-68

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Valerie R. Bencivenga & Bruce D. Smith, 1991. "Financial Intermediation and Endogenous Growth," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(2), pages 195-209.
    2. Granger, C. W. J. & Newbold, P., 1974. "Spurious regressions in econometrics," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 111-120, July.
    3. Iris Claus & Arthur Grimes, 2003. "Asymmetric Information, Financial Intermediation and the Monetary Transmission Mechanism: A Critical Review," Treasury Working Paper Series 03/19, New Zealand Treasury.
    4. T.P.Ogun & A.E.Akinlo, 2011. "Financial Sector Reforms and the Performance of the Nigerian Economy," The Review of Finance and Banking, Academia de Studii Economice din Bucuresti, Romania / Facultatea de Finante, Asigurari, Banci si Burse de Valori / Catedra de Finante, vol. 3(1), pages 047-060, June.
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