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Women Formal Employment in the Private Sector of Egypt


  • Hend Hassan

    (Bucharest University of Economic Studies)


Egypt is an emerging economy facing immense economic as well as social challenges. The 102 million population count can either pose a heavy load to a country struggling to rise to its potential or can offer a workforce capable of economic growth and hence prosperity. It is crucial to realize that by ignoring half of the potential workforce we are forgoing half of the human capital diminishing –therefore- both economic growth and economic development. Despite the extensive arguments advocating women as a vital labor resource in the economy, women participation in economic activity in Egypt is still subdued relative to men. It is the aim of this paper to shed lite on the employment setting of women in the private sector of Egypt, the challenges they face in this sector and the vital role they play as supporters for their households despite the discussed challenges. Conclusions reveal that women in Egypt still lack social, economic, and legal tools needed to empower them in order to fulfill their vital role in the economy despite the fact that they are highly educated.

Suggested Citation

  • Hend Hassan, 2020. "Women Formal Employment in the Private Sector of Egypt," Romanian Economic Business Review, Romanian-American University, vol. 15(3), pages 29-44, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:rau:journl:v:15:y:2020:i:3:p:29-44

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Esther Duflo, 2012. "Women Empowerment and Economic Development," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 50(4), pages 1051-1079, December.
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