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Human Resources and Business Performance: Findings, Unanswered Questions, and an Alternative Approach

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  • Barry Gerhart

    () (University of Wisconsin-Madison)

Abstract

In 1996, Becker and Gerhart noted that much of the work on human resources (HR) and performance had traditionally been conducted at the individual level of analysis. However, in the 1990s, empirical research on HR and performance increasingly moved to the plant/unit and firm level of analysis with a new emphasis on understanding how HR practices influence business performance at these higher levels. In the present article, I describe the empirical findings of this evolving literature, unanswered questions, and an approach to the issue that differs from what has come to be the typical approach over the past 10 years or so.

Suggested Citation

  • Barry Gerhart, 2005. "Human Resources and Business Performance: Findings, Unanswered Questions, and an Alternative Approach," management revue. Socio-economic Studies, Rainer Hampp Verlag, vol. 16(2), pages 174-185.
  • Handle: RePEc:rai:mamere:1861-9908_mrev_2005_02_gerhart
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    Cited by:

    1. A.K.M. Mominul Haque Talukder, 2013. "Human Resource Consultancy and Organizational Growth: Exploring the Relationship," KASBIT Business Journals, Khadim Ali Shah Bukhari Institute of Technology (KASBIT), vol. 6, pages 65-73, December.
    2. Minbaeva, Dana B., 2008. "HRM practices affecting extrinsic and intrinsic motivation of knowledge receivers and their effect on intra-MNC knowledge transfer," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(6), pages 703-713, December.
    3. Cristina Simón & RAQUEL MARTIN, 2008. "An implementation-based approach to SHRM: the concept of hr practice intensity and its relationship," Working Papers Economia wp08-19, Instituto de Empresa, Area of Economic Environment.
    4. Li-Ren Yang & Jieh-Haur Chen & Kun-Shan Wu & Di-Man Huang & Cheng-Hao Cheng, 2015. "A framework for evaluating relationship among HRM practices, project success and organizational benefit," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 49(3), pages 1039-1061, May.
    5. Michaelis, Björn & Wagner, Joachim D. & Schweizer, Lars, 2015. "Knowledge as a key in the relationship between high-performance work systems and workforce productivity," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 68(5), pages 1035-1044.
    6. Katou Anastasia, 2008. "Innovation and Human Resource Management: the Greek Experience," Organizacija, De Gruyter Open, vol. 41(3), pages 81-90, May.
    7. Alfes, Kerstin & Shantz, Amanda & Truss, Catherine & Soane, Emma, 2013. "The link between perceived human resource management practices, engagement and employee behaviour: a moderated mediation model," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 42345, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Human Resources; Performance; Employee Relations; Employee Attitudes; Methodology;

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • J53 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Labor-Management Relations; Industrial Jurisprudence
    • M10 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - General

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