Financial centers in the Asia-pacific region: an empirical study on australia, Hong Kong, Japan and Singapore
The objective of this study is to empirically examine the status and sustainability ofAustralia, Hong Kong, Japan and Singapore as financial centers in theAsia-Pacific region. The sample period under investigation is from 1977 to 2002. This paper attempts to provide empirical evidence on significant factors such as taxes, economic activity, assets and liabilities of banks, regulation, socio-economic factors (education and quality of life) and the tax treatment of foreign institutions, that determine the status and sustainability of the above four financial centers. Although extensive research on financial centers has been conducted, there seems to be noempirical research focused on the above factors especially for Australia, HongKong, Japan and Singapore. This study uses three modeling approaches. Under the first approach: estimates of an error-correction model show the existence of a long-run relationship between the variables in the four financial centers. In the second approach: estimated pooled (panel) regression model indicates that majority of the variables under investigation are statistically significant when tested collectively for all four financial centers. Results of the third model show the importance of socio-economic and government intervention variables such as the education system, government economic policies, quality of life, the regulatory environment and the tax treatment of foreign corporations for the status and sustainability of financialcenters. The main policy implication of this study is that business friendly government policies promoting economic growth and socio-economic development are important for healthy growth of financial centers.
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Ross Levine, 2004.
"Finance and Growth: Theory and Evidence,"
NBER Working Papers
10766, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Jarque, Carlos M. & Bera, Anil K., 1980. "Efficient tests for normality, homoscedasticity and serial independence of regression residuals," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 6(3), pages 255-259.
- Peter C. B. Phillips & Mico Loretan, 1991.
"Estimating Long-run Economic Equilibria,"
Review of Economic Studies,
Oxford University Press, vol. 58(3), pages 407-436.
- Jessie P.H. Poon, 2003. "Hierarchical Tendencies of Capital Markets Among International Financial Centers," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34(2), pages 135-156.
- Boswijk, Peter & Franses, Philip Hans, 1992. "Dynamic Specification and Cointegration," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 54(3), pages 369-81, August.
- Banerjee, Anindya, et al, 1986. "Exploring Equilibrium Relationships in Econometrics through Static Models: Some Monte Carlo Evidence," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 48(3), pages 253-77, August.
- Godfrey, Leslie G, 1978. "Testing for Higher Order Serial Correlation in Regression Equations When the Regressors Include Lagged Dependent Variables," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(6), pages 1303-10, November.
- Yash P. Mehra, 1991. "An error-correction model of U.S. M2 demand," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, issue May, pages 3-12.
- Howard Curtis Reed, 1980. "The Ascent of Tokyo as an International Financial Center," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 11(3), pages 19-35, September.
- Schenk, Catherine R., 2002. "Banks and the emergence of Hong Kong as an international financial center," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 12(4-5), pages 321-340.
- Goldberg, Michael A & Helsley, Robert W & Levi, Maurice D, 1988.
"On the Development of International Financial Centers,"
The Annals of Regional Science,
Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 22(0), pages 81-94, February.
- Michael Goldberg & Robert Helsley & Maurice Levi, 1988. "On the development of international financial centers," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 22(1), pages 81-94, February.
- Dickey, David A & Fuller, Wayne A, 1981. "Likelihood Ratio Statistics for Autoregressive Time Series with a Unit Root," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(4), pages 1057-72, June.
- Engle, Robert F, 1982. "Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity with Estimates of the Variance of United Kingdom Inflation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(4), pages 987-1007, July.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:psl:bnlaqr:2005:12. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Carlo D'Ippoliti)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.