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Expérimentation, science économique et théorie des jeux : "Nunc est bibendum"

  • Régis Deloche

[fre] À travers des exemples, cet article vise à faire l'instruction - « quis, quid, ubi, quibus auxiliis, cur, quomodo, quando ? » -du développement de l'économie expérimentale. Il raconte l'histoire et montre l'utilité de cette nouvelle méthode d'investigation en science économique, notamment en soulignant les liens histori­ques et conceptuels qui l'unissent à la théorie des jeux. [eng] Experimental methods, economics and game theory : "nunc est bibendum " This paper aims at answering a question about the development of experimental economics : Quis, quid, ubi, quibus auxiliis, cur, quomodo, quando ?. It offers a brief historical account of the emergence of an experimental tradition in economics and our own tentative explanation of this interesting episode in the history and sociology of science. It argues cogently for the effectiveness of laboratory experiments in game-theoretic situations.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 46 (1995)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 951-960

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1995_num_46_3_409711
Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1995.409711
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  1. Grether, David M. & Isaac, R. Mark & Plott, Charles R., . "The Allocation of Landing Rights by Unanimity among Competitors," Working Papers 350, California Institute of Technology, Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences.
  2. Roth, Alvin E, 1988. "Laboratory Experimentation in Economics: A Methodological Overview," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 98(393), pages 974-1031, December.
  3. Hoffman, Elizabeth & Spitzer, Matthew L, 1982. "The Coase Theorem: Some Experimental Tests," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 25(1), pages 73-98, April.
  4. Edward E. Leamer, 1982. "Let's Take the Con Out of Econometrics," UCLA Economics Working Papers 239, UCLA Department of Economics.
  5. Arrow, Kenneth J, 1994. "Methodological Individualism and Social Knowledge," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(2), pages 1-9, May.
  6. Plott, Charles R, 1982. "Industrial Organization Theory and Experimental Economics," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 20(4), pages 1485-1527, December.
  7. Grether, David M. & Plott, Charles R., . "The Effects of Market Practices in Oligopolistic Markets: An Experimental Examination of the Ethyl Case," Working Papers 404, California Institute of Technology, Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences.
  8. Plott, Charles R., 1989. "An updated review of industrial organization: Applications of experimental methods," Handbook of Industrial Organization, in: R. Schmalensee & R. Willig (ed.), Handbook of Industrial Organization, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 19, pages 1109-1176 Elsevier.
  9. Friedman, Daniel, 1993. "How Trading Institutions Affect Financial Market Performance: Some Laboratory Evidence," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 31(3), pages 410-35, July.
  10. Smith, Vernon L, 1989. "Theory, Experiment and Economics," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 3(1), pages 151-69, Winter.
  11. Bernard Walliser, 2012. "La science économique," Post-Print halshs-00833218, HAL.
  12. LaLonde, Robert J, 1986. "Evaluating the Econometric Evaluations of Training Programs with Experimental Data," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(4), pages 604-20, September.
  13. Cooper, Russell, et al, 1990. "Selection Criteria in Coordination Games: Some Experimental Results," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(1), pages 218-33, March.
  14. Vernon L. Smith, 1992. "Game Theory and Experimental Economics: Beginnings and Early Influences," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 24(5), pages 241-282, Supplemen.
  15. Roth, Alvin E, 1991. "Game Theory as a Part of Empirical Economics," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 101(404), pages 107-14, January.
  16. Smith, Vernon L, 1982. "Microeconomic Systems as an Experimental Science," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(5), pages 923-55, December.
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