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Le GATT et la nouvelle Politique agricole commune : une réforme inachevée


  • Hervé Guyomard
  • Louis-Pascal Mahé


[eng] The GATT and the new common agricultural policy : an uncompleted reform. For the first time, an extensive reform of the Common Agricultural Policy has been achieved. For the first time also, a GATT agreement contains detailed and substantial commitments for the agricultural sector. The paper focuses on the interpretation of these events. The agricultural agreement in the GATT appears as the result of a new balance between national and international pressure groups. The CAP reform is still partial, however. The long-run objectives of further decoupling payments from production incentives should be pursued in order to promote agricultural trade on a more competi­tive basis and to reserve intervention of the State to promote the role of agriculture in the supply of public goods. [fre] Pour la première fois, la Politique agricole commune a fait l'objet d'une réforme d'une certaine ampleur. Pour la première fois aussi, un accord au GATT comporte des engagements précis et substantiels pour le secteur agricole. Cet article propose une explication de ces événements et évalue leur portée. Le contenu de l'accord agricole au GATT est interprété comme le résultat d'un nouvel équilibre entre l'organisation nationale et internationale des groupes de pression. La réforme de la PAC, fortement influencée par le contexte international et taillée sur mesure pour permettre un accord au GATT, reste inachevée par rapport à la double fonction de l'agriculture, de production de biens d'une part et d'aménage­ment de l'espace, de développement rural et de protection de l'environnement d'autre part.

Suggested Citation

  • Hervé Guyomard & Louis-Pascal Mahé, 1995. "Le GATT et la nouvelle Politique agricole commune : une réforme inachevée," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 46(3), pages 657-666.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1995_num_46_3_409675
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1995.409675

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kohli, Ulrich R, 1981. "Nonjointness and Factor Intensity in U.S. Production," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 22(1), pages 3-18, February.
    2. H. Guyomard & L. P. Mahé & K. J. Munk & T. L. Roe, 1993. "Agriculture In The Uruguay Round: Ambitions And Realities," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(2), pages 245-263.
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    Cited by:

    1. Alexandre Gohin & Hervé Guyomard & Chantai Le Mouël, 1998. "Éléments de définition d'une politique agricole commune pour le XXIe siècle [Promouvoir les rôles marchands et non marchands des agriculteurs européens ]," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 244(1), pages 22-31.

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