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Progressivité et incidence de la redistribution des revenus en pays développés

Listed author(s):
  • François Bourguignon
  • Christian Morrisson

[eng] Progressivite and total incidence of income-redistribution in developped countries After defining the concepts of progressivity and intensity of an incarne transfer, this paper investigates the possibility of expressing the total effect of a transfer (or a sum of transfers} upon measures of inequality as a function of its progressivity and its intensity. Some inequality measures satisfy this property rigorously whereas others satisfy it only approximately (for small transfers). The paper applies then those analytical tools to a comparative study of income redistribution Systems in Canada, France, U.K. and U.S.A. It appears that the progressivity of varions types of transfers differs Utile among countried, and that the total effect of the various [fre] Après avoir défini les concepts de progressivité et d'intensité, on traite d'une manière complète le problème de la décomposabilité de l'incidence d'un transfert ou d'une somme de transferts en montrant que certains indicateurs d'inégalité permettent une décomposabilité complète, tandis que les autres satisfont seulement la pro­priété d'une décomposabilité approchée. L'application de ces instruments à la redistribution au Canada, aux Etats-Unis, en France et en Grande-Bretagne montre que la progressivité de chaque transfert varie assez peu d'un pays à l'autre. L'effet redistributif total dépend des différences d'intensité. L'estimation théorique de l'incidence de divers transferts laisse penser que le moyen le plus efficace pour accroître l'effet redistributif total est le développement de transferts répartis inégalitairement au bénéfice des ménages à bas revenus. En revanche, l'accroissement de l'impôt direct s'avère un moyen peu efficace. Enfin, une comparaison entre plusieurs indicateurs d'inégalité montre que l'ordre de progressivité des transferts est pratiquement le même quel que soit l'indicateur choisi.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 31 (1980)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 197-233

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1980_num_31_2_408523
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  1. Bourguignon, Francois, 1979. "Decomposable Income Inequality Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(4), pages 901-920, July.
  2. Kakwani, Nanok C, 1977. "Measurement of Tax Progressivity: An International Comparison," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 87(345), pages 71-80, March.
  3. Atkinson, Anthony B., 1970. "On the measurement of inequality," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 244-263, September.
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