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Coûts d'ajustement de la demande de travail : une comparaison entre la France et la République tchèque

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  • Yann Nicolas
  • Claude Mathieu

Abstract

[eng] In the context of European Union enlargement, we use GMM on panel data to estimate labor-demand adjustment costs for French and Czech firms over the period 1993-1998. We find some structural differences between the two labor markets. The dynamics of French firms’ labor demand depend on non-trivial adjustment costs with a fixed part and an asymmetric structure. For Czech firms, instead, these costs appear to be minimal or even non-existent – implying a different labor-market structure from that of France. The observed differentials suggest that the Czech Republic is able to absorb the shock of its entry into the European Union. [fre] Dans le contexte de l’élargissement de l’Union européenne, nous estimons par la méthode des moments généralisés les coûts d’ajustement de la demande de travail de firmes françaises et tchèques sur la période 1993-1998. Pour les firmes françaises, la dynamique de la demande de travail dépend de coûts d’ajustement positifs mais contenus, formés d’une partie fixe et dotés d ’ une structure asymétrique. Pour les firmes tchèques, ces coûts apparaissent très faibles voire nuls, ce qui implique une structure du marché du travail différente de celle du marché français. Compte tenu des écarts constatés, la République tchèque paraît être en état d’absorber le choc de son entrée dans l’Union européenne.

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  • Yann Nicolas & Claude Mathieu, 2006. "Coûts d'ajustement de la demande de travail : une comparaison entre la France et la République tchèque," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 173(2), pages 135-152.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2006_num_173_2_7943
    DOI: 10.3406/ecop.2006.7943
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2006.7943
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    1. Emmanuel Dhyne & Catherine Fuss & Claude Mathieu, 2015. "Labour Demand Adjustment: Does Foreign Ownership Matter?," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 77(6), pages 854-871, December.

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